Conservation

Fearing water shortages caused by climate change, food and beverage firms, tobacco companies, clothing makers and metal and mining companies reckon with dependence

By Leslie Kaufman

The New York Times 2011-11-01

Oregon congressman urges revamp of farm bill, moving billions away from agribusiness and new focus on aid to family farmers, new farmers and production of healthy, local food

By Pete Kasperowicz

The Hill 2011-10-26

Drastic decline in Chesapeake Bay oyster population can only be halted by banning any fishing for them, study reports

By Darryl Fears

The Washington Post 2011-09-01

Paul Hawken eulogizes Ray Anderson as businessman who viewed reimagining the world as responsibility, something owed our children's children, a gift to a future begging for selflessness, vision

By Andrew C. Revkin

The New York Times 2011-08-12

Colorado River estuary, once home to lush forests, jaguars, now arid because upstream, it grows nation's lettuce in November, December, and its carrots in January, February

National Public Radio 2011-07-14

Citizen science has migrated to Web, emerging as a potent force-multiplier - and watchdog - for conservation and protection of water, land, but the real word awaits

By Caroline Fraser

Yale Environment 360 2011-07-11

Virginia enables Omega Protein, Inc., to order overfishing of menhaden, a staple for marine food chain - and ingredient in livestock feed, dietary supplements, paints, cosmetics

By Alison Fairbrother and Randy Fertel

Gilt Taste 2011-07-06

Reduce food production dry northern plains or face dire water levels, groundwater expert warns China; agriculture accounts for 60 percent of demand on water table

By Jonathan Watts

The Guardian (UK) 2011-06-28

Opinion: U.S. is transforming Afghanistan's fragile agrarian society into a consumer-oriented, mechanized, fossil-fuel-based economy

By Patricia McArdle

The New York Times 2011-06-19

Communities across U.S. start seed libraries, offering low-cost or free, open-pollinated, pesticide-free seeds which are grown, then returned to library at end of season

By Mary MacVean

Los Angeles Times 2011-06-18

Droughts in Colombia, Brazil will force conservation at coffee farms and through supply chains; just one part of high-labor drink consumes 1,100 parts of water

By Leon Kaye

The Guardian (UK) 2011-06-17

McDonald's to certify as sustainable the catch used for its 100 million fish sandwiches sold in Europe every year; Wal-Mart requiring similar certification for farmed fish

By David Jolly

The New York Times 2011-06-08

Sustainability, linked by some to higher costs, government regulation, means reducing waste, which saves money, author writes in book detailing the greening of Wal-Mart

By Bryan Burrough

The New York Times 2011-05-14

Saying that laws to protect fragile ecosystem from harmful and unnecessary agricultural production are being ignored, National Wildlife Federation sues EPA

By Ken Anderson

Brownfield 2011-04-29

In "Pacific Feast," a book that's part natural history, part foraging guide and part cookbook, author hopes to spur conservation, ecology understanding through palate

By Kie Relyea

The Bellingham Herald (WA) 2011-04-10

In Burkina Faso, Yacouba Sawadogo is pioneer of tree-based approach to farming that has transformed western Sahel over last 20 years, but first, timber rights were returned to farmers

By Mark Hertsgaard

Scientific American 2011-01-28

Book review: "Sustainism is the New Modernism: A Cultural Manifesto for the Sustainist Era," full of platitudes and colorful symbols, unlikely to spark innovative thinking

By Justin McGuirk

The Guardian (UK) 2011-02-03

PepsiCo's buy-local plan with Mexican corn farmers cuts company's transportation costs, and in community, stabilizes local crop prices and raises incomes, improving health, education

By Stephanie Strom

The New York Times 2011-02-21

Opinion: Republicans' drive to weaken U.S. environmental protections leaves them little time to mull protecting farmland, wild lands from commercial development seen as essential to nation's health

The editors

The New York Times 2011-02-21

Opinion: GOP budget eats America's seed corn to placate base, focusing cuts on programs that pay off in future, like providing extra nutrition to pregnant mothers, infants, and young children

By Paul Krugman

The New York Times 2011-02-14

Opinion: Food and everything surrounding it is a crucial matter of personal and public health, of national and global security; at stake is health of humans and that of earth

By Mark Bittman

The New York Times 2011-02-01

Expect budget cuts in conservation rather than cuts in commodity subsidies, says expert; high commodity prices also push some to switch from conservation into corn production

By Katie Nickas

AgriNews 2011-01-24

Substantial technological advances, along with shifts in appetites in prosperous societies, will be needed to fit human appetites on a finite, thriving planet, experts say

By Andrew C. Revkin

The New York Times 2011-01-10

Bluefin tuna, one of most majestic and prized fish in sea is subject of a scientific fight that shows difficulty of gauging environmental fallout of biggest offshore oil spill in U.S. history

By Jeffrey Ball

The Wall Street Journal. (may require subscription) 2011-01-13

Opinion: It's time to reduce work hours and alter balance between time and cash, to trim dependence on formal market by "self-providing," including small-scale agriculture

By Juliet Schor

The Nation 2010-05-24

Opinion: New shift in food politics - eating invasive species - could include a world of possibilities - deer, raccoons, opossums, squirrels, skunks, rabbits, woodchucks

By James Gorman

The New York Times 2011-01-02

Europe's top chefs lead push for sustainable seafood as reports predict major commercial fish species will disappear by 2050 due to overfishing; eel wins over bluefin tuna, codfish

By Jeffrey T. Iverson

Time 2010-12-26

As Iceland bids to join EU, dispute over mackerel quotas escalates; Brussels threatens sanctions against Reykjavik, including blocking sales of fish to EU, its largest trading partner

By Teri Schultz

Global Post 2010-12-21

General Mills, looking to offset 4-5 percent increase in commodity prices, switches to rice source closer to its Rice Chex cereal plant to lower transportation costs

By Paul Ziobro

The Wall Street Journal. (may require subscription) 2010-12-17

As popularity of hunting declines, government stands to lose hundreds of millions of dollars in conservation efforts annually through license and ammunition sales, firearms taxes

The Associated Press; The New York Times 2010-12-13

FoodWorks provides blueprint for every phase of NYC food system - from agricultural production, processing, distribution, consumption and post-consumption

The New York City Council 2010-11-22

U.S. map of altered continental divide, carbon and water footprint studies help green-leaning shoppers decide on whiskey, beer, French or California wine

By Kiera Butler

Mother Jones 2010-11-01

Researchers, writers warn of complex and interconnected confluence of factors driving us toward a global food, water emergency by 2050 - even before worst of climate change

By Greg Ansley

The New Zealand Herald 2010-12-04

Push to promote sustainable palm oil from Western consumers becoming test case for green consumerism, could sway Nestle, others, and future of rainforests in Asia, Africa

By Fred Pearce

Yale Environment 360; Reuters 2010-11-29

Unilever plans to halve environmental footprint of its products and source all agricultural raw materials sustainably over the next decade; water reduction is key part of plan

By Elaine Watson

nutraingredients.com/ Decision News Media 2010-11-15

Up to 16,000 rare turtles illegally caught annually in region of Madagascar, indicating larger problem; question is whether harvest is for local meat or for larger export market

By Alok Jha

The Guardian (UK) 2010-11-12

Opinion: If fish can be bred commercially and marine life can be saved through scientific technique, it will help stave off food-scarcity crisis larger than any we have known

By Josh Ozersky

Time magazine 2010-09-01

Government shifting payments from farm subsidies to nutrition programs, conservation, broadband; Republican lawmaker decries influence of environmentalists, "foodies"

By Alan Bjerga

Bloomberg.com 2010-08-26

Review: "Four Fish" is marvelous exploration of contradiction that fishermen feel about saving or killing fish; a necessary book for anyone truly interested in what, how, why

By Sam Sifton

The New York Times 2010-08-01

Fashion for screw-cap wines undermines renewable cork forest management strategy, could lead to extinction of rarest wildcats and loss of 100,000 jobs, experts say

By Louise Gray

Telegraph (UK) 2010-07-16

Best control method for invasive, predatory lionfish is saute pan, federal officials, chefs, spear fishermen and seafood distributors say

By Juliet Eilperin

The Washington Post 2010-07-07

Bluefin tuna - all tuna - are living representation of ocean's limits; their global decline warns us that we might destroy our last wild food

By Paul Greenberg

The New York Times 2010-06-21

In effort to prevent overfishing, extinction of sharks, Hawaii bans shark fins

By Audrey McAvoy

The Associated Press; The Washington Post 2010-05-28

Water-rationing program and its uneven pipe pressure caused water main breaks around LA last year, report says

By David Zahniser and Phil Willon

Los Angeles Times 2010-04-13

Nestlé head says biofuels, not its food products using palm oil are to blame for deforestation; supplier Cargill says it wants answers from world's largest producer

By Jane Byrne

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2010-04-19

Trader Joe's vows to sell only sustainably sourced seafood by end of 2012

By Jane Black

The Washington Post 2010-03-29

Lawmakers move to fund school meal improvements by cutting anti-pollution programs rather than crop subsidies linked to obesity epidemic

By Carolyn Lochhead

San Francisco Chronicle 2010-03-25

Overfishing, destruction of habitat, dams, water pollution put sturgeon on path to extinction

NRC Handelsblad (Netherlands) 2010-03-24

Conservation delegates vote to protect only porbeagle sharks, leaving declining populations of seven others vulnerable to fishing

By Juliet Eilperin

The Washington Post 2010-03-24

Maryland, to protect species whose ranks have declined by 99 percent, plays tense game of hide-and-seek with watermen who catch oysters illegally

By David A. Fahrenthold

The Washington Post 2010-03-23

Group rejects trade limits on bluefin tuna, polar bears, and previously, measure to aid sharks; adult population of two tunas down 74 percent over 50 years, much in past decade

By Juliet Eilperin

The Washington Post 2010-03-19

Proposed ban on bluefin tuna pits Europeans, Americans against Japan, which consumes 80 percent globally, other fishing nations at UN talks

By Micahel Casey

The Associated Press; The Washington Post 2010-03-13

Conservationists rally to protect spring-spawning herring (that later become Rollmops, a tasty snack) by delaying work on Russia-Germany gas pipeline

By Christoph Seidler

Der Spiegel 2010-03-11

Los Angeles uses stimulus money for new worker training program in management, maintenance of gardens using drought-tolerant plants, rainwater

By Susan Carpenter

Los Angeles Times 2010-03-09

Discovery that red grouper dig holes that become homes for coral, sea sponges forces scientists to recalibrate and heightens tension with those who fish

By Juliet Eilperin

The Washington Post 2010-03-08

Concerned for their child's future, California couple replaces water-guzzling grass with wood chips, drought-tolerant plants - and is sued by city

By Amina Khan

Los Angeles Times 2010-03-02

Hope rises for endangered bluefin tuna with Obama's support of ban on international trade, but Japan is against measure

By Bryan Walsh

Time magazine 2010-03-04

Opinion: With destructive rider to federal jobs bill, California senator's attempt to divert water to farmers risks delicate compromise

The editors

Los Angeles Times 2010-02-17

Hunting becomes economic imperative along bird migration route and in biodiversity "hotspot" of Balkans despite wildlife protection laws

By Phil Cain

GlobalPost 2010-02-16

Pioneer in sustainable fishing becomes his own distributor, starts community-sponsored fishery

By Christine Muhlke

The New York Times 2010-01-31

Feds plan bold vertical garden with vegetated fins, eye rainwater, gray water as irrigation possibilities

By William Yardley

The New York Times 2010-01-30

Brazilian beef company accused of invading Paraguayan tribal land, setting aside part of it for nature - to preserve space on diners' plates

By Fred Pearce

The Guardian (UK) 2010-01-28

For tomatoes, UK supermarket Sainsbury's switching from cans to recyclable cartons to save 1.1 million tons of packaging a year

By Rory Harrington

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2010-01-20

Danes' green leadership may have blinded them their own kitchen, eating habits

By Henry Chu

Los Angeles Times 2009-12-06

With cod, sea urchins overfished, fight brews in Maine over seaweed harvesting

By Robert Tomsho

The Wall Street Journal. (may require subscription) 2010-01-04

Opinion: To help ourselves, we must help oceans along with forests

By Dan Laffoley

The New York Times 2009-12-27

Switch to biomass briquettes for cooking fuel among small-scale efforts to protect Kashmir Valley

By Emily Wax

The Washington Post 2009-12-18

Dwindling supplies take local seafood off menus in San Francisco

By Katherine Ellison

The New York Times 2009-12-11

Produce shippers told to tout efficiencies to counter buy-local trend

Though buy-local movement commands only 1 percent of market share, movement is significant trend that could shift suppliers' market share, says produce economist in report (click 'See also'). Commercial fruit and vegetable shippers must be ready to make case for efficiencies and 'green-friendly' attributes - even if suppliers are far away. Movement tends to overlook economic benefits in trade between regions. Trade between states allows them to specialize; global trade has been driver of world economic growth for 60 years, has aided in transmission of technology, innovation.

By Tom Karst

The Packer 2009-11-05

See also 

Brazil becomes major exporter; deforestation continues

Despite bad roads, infrastructure lack, Brazil, with efficient management, technology, has become biggest exporter of beef, chicken, orange juice, green coffee, sugar, ethanol, the soybean complex of beans, meal and oil, and fourth biggest exporter of corn and pork. Amazon deforestation, however, continues. Former Brazilian agriculture minister, now agribusiness consultant, holds out hope of slowing rate with better monitoring, market-led initiatives. And: Brazil home to quarter of world's tropical forests. They sequester carbon for years and are a primary producer of oxygen (click 'See also').

By Jonathan Wheatley

Financial Times (London) 2009-11-04

See also 

Federal agencies directed to conserve water, reduce waste

With executive order, Obama requires federal agencies to measure greenhouse-gas emissions, then meet series of environmental targets over next decade. They include 50 percent recycling and waste diversion by 2015; 30 percent reduction in vehicle-fleet petroleum use by 2020; and a 26 percent improvement in water efficiency by 2020.

By Juliet Eilperin

The Washington Post 2009-10-06

Palau takes steps to protect sharks from extinction

Palau creates world's first shark sanctuary to protect more than 135 Western Pacific species of sharks and rays considered endangered or vulnerable, but has only one boat to patrol waters the size of Texas. President also calls for moratorium on 'finning' - the practice of hacking off shark fins (for shark-fin soup popular in China) and throwing the body back into sea - and an end to unregulated and destructive bottom trawling. Shark steaks are increasingly served in restaurants, replacing swordfish.

By John Heilprin

The Associated Press; The Washington Post 2009-09-24

Palau takes steps to protect sharks from extinction

Palau creates world's first shark sanctuary to protect more than 135 Western Pacific species of sharks and rays considered endangered or vulnerable, but has only one boat to patrol waters the size of Texas. President also calls for moratorium on 'finning' - the practice of hacking off shark fins (for shark-fin soup popular in China) and throwing the body back into sea - and an end to unregulated and destructive bottom trawling. Shark steaks are increasingly served in restaurants, replacing swordfish.

By John Heilprin

The Associated Press; The Washington Post 2009-09-24

Getting to the roots of 'food democracy'

Getting to the roots of 'food democracy'

September issue of magazine examines meaning behind 'food democracy.' Eating local is part of it, but more basically, it requires transformation of food industry, so workers, consumers can control what they produce and eat - and food is safe and nutritious. It also suggests fair access to crop land, fair return for farmers, laborers. It implies economic rules that encourage safeguarding soil, water, wildlife. Alice Waters (click 'See also'), other leading figures of food movement reflect on how food democracy can be achieved.

The Nation. 2009-09-01

See also 

Opinion: Toward a smarter, sustainable food supply

Radical changes in the way we grow food (click 'See also') will increase our grocery bills, and that doesn't make sense in recession. But shoppers, farmers, ranchers, policymakers could help create a more sustainable agricultural system by examining impact of potential farm on water supply, soil resources and manure disposal; supporting experiments that explore smart use of water; choosing locally grown produce and products, and meats raised on less corn and without antibiotics. Feds should look for opportunities to buy produce from local farmers who use techniques that don't damage soils or environment.

The editors

The Dallas Morning News 2009-08-28

See also 

Some fish saved from brink; others may face extinction

With good management, many fish populations can recover from brink, new study shows. But there are more collapsed fish populations than ever known; many individual species - cod, for example - threatened; two-thirds of all stocks need to be rebuilt, half of those still overfished. And: Compass Group, world's largest contract caterer, bans 69 species of fish from menus at thousands of restaurants across UK, Ireland in a move hailed by campaigners fighting to protect threatened stocks (click 'See also').

By Brandon Keim

Wired 2009-07-30

See also 

Opinion: Pass bill that closes loopholes on shark killing

Shark fin soup no reason to decimate species or ruin oceans. Finning, the practice of cutting fins off and dumping shark back into ocean, kills about 73 million a year. Losing top predators creates cascading imbalance. With no predators, smaller fish overpopulate, compromise water quality. Without healthy oceans, healthy fisheries are impossible. And: An estimated 10.7 million blue sharks killed annually for their fins, many of which are sold at Hong Kong shark fin market, report says (click 'See also').

The editors

The New York TImes 2009-07-29

See also 

Wal-Mart to label sustainability of every product

Wal-Mart developing fiendishly complex plan to measure, label sustainability (life cycle assessment) of its every product. Company's grand plan will require manufacturers to dig deep into supply chains, measure environmental impact, and compete on those terms for favorable treatment from retailer. Faculty at University of Arkansas, Arizona State University, Duke, Harvard, Stanford, UC Berkeley, University of Michigan have been involved in planning sustainability index (click 'See also') led by Sustainability Consortium.

By Marc Gunther

Slate/The Big Money 2009-07-13

See also 

Reduced fertility in farmed salmon may undermine wild stocks

Hatchery programs for all salmon species could be reducing fish fertility, thus contributing to demise of salmon runs in California, Oregon and Washington, study suggests. On average, offspring of two hatchery-reared steelhead were only 37 percent as reproductively fit as fish whose parents were both wild, says researcher. Forty million hatchery-raised salmon are released into California river systems every year. And: Herring population that spawns in San Francisco Bay now at lowest level in 30 years (click 'See also')

By Peter Fimrite

San Francisco Chronicle 2009-07-05

See also 

Analysis: Brazil's big beef firms tighten deforestation oversight

Brazil's cattle industry bends to demands to curb destruction of Amazon after Greenpeace report links JBS, other meatpackers to illegal deforestation (click 'See also'). After report, World Bank withdrew $90 million loan to one firm; Wal-Mart, other supermarkets vowed to stop buying beef from 11 producers. Bertin, JBS, Marfrig, Minerva make up 70 percent of Brazil's beef export market but account for 30 percent of domestic cattle purchases; it is unclear whether thousands of smaller processors, ranchers will change their ways.

By Reese Ewing and Stuart Grudgings

Reuters 2009-06-29

See also 

Dams, drought turning Iraqi farms to desert, forcing food imports

Dams, drought turning Iraqi farms to desert, forcing food imports

snakehunter.org

The small, aggressive and ill-tempered Saw Scaled Viper is among snakes plaguing Iraq's farmers.

Four-year drought, plus dams in Turkey, Syria, Iran drop water levels in Euphrates and the Tigris rivers, endangering Iraqi agriculture and destroying habitat for vipers, which now plague people, cattle. Farmers leaving land for cities, pushing country to import more food, though in 1950s it was one of few regional cereal-exporting countries. Drop in oil prices cuts budget for measures to increase water use efficiency.

The Independent (UK) 2009-06-15

Opinion: A strategy to reduce overfishing in world's oceans

Well-managed oceans policy, with strategies to reduce overfishing, would be example for others. Rather than annual catch limits, administration advocates 'catch shares,' which gives individuals or groups fixed percentage of annual catch, then allows them to set rules, supposing that shareholders will have vested interest in growing resource. And: New system would protect marine ecosystem, increase revenues, ensure dinnertime feasts of native fish (click 'See also').

The editors

The New York Times 2009-06-21

See also 

UK plans new low-carbon menus minus beef, lamb, tomatoes

Government advisers in UK shaping suggested menus without lamb, hothouse tomatoes, alcohol to cut greenhouse gas emissions. Growing, processing hops, malt to beer, whisky help to generate 1.5 percent of nation's greenhouse gases; producing 2.2 pounds of lamb releases equivalent of 37 pounds of CO2; same amount of beef releases methane equivalent to 35 pounds of CO2; same amount of hothouse tomatoes releases 20-plus pounds of CO2.

By Jonathan Leake

The Times (UK) 2009-05-24

Reframe sustainability from the people's point of view

Reframe sustainability from the people's point of view

Barton Seaver, chef and evangelist for sustainable seafood, argues for compromise, common sense, saying that everyone acts in his own economic interest. Acknowledging that sustainability is about people, not fish, is first step toward finding solutions. With oysters, for example, 'eating a farm-raised Chesapeake oyster supports generations of watermen and supports the most productive marine ecosystem in the world.'

By Jane Black

The Washington Post 2009-05-13

Supermarket beef sales driving rainforest destruction, report says

Demand for processed beef, used for pies, canned meat and frozen meals sold by British supermarkets driving rapid destruction of Amazon rainforest, three-year probe shows. Greenpeace urges supermarkets to boycott unscrupulous suppliers involved in illegal Brazilian deforestation, consumers to pressure supermarkets to clean up supply chains. Clearing tropical forests for agriculture creates 17 percent of greenhouse gas emissions - more than global transport system.

By David Adam

The Guardian (UK) 2009-05-31

Urban homesteading with T. Boone Chickens, Fluffy Bottom

Urban homesteading with T. Boone Chickens, Fluffy Bottom

Kelley Newsome/Backyard Poultry

The Dominique hen is a steady, reliable layer - of brown eggs.

Raising backyard poultry is as chic as growing your own vegetables. It's part of back-to-the-land movement whose proponents want to save on grocery bills, take control of their food supply, reduce carbon footprint of industrial agriculture. Poultry is natural next step in sustainable back yard; chickens produce eggs, devour kitchen scraps, add manure to compost pile. But some town officials are...chicken. And: A poultry magazine (click 'See also').

By Adrian Higgins

The Washington Post 2009-05-14

See also 

Opinion: Getting used to water restrictions in Florida

Years of watering our lawns at will, turning on our taps without a second thought, insufficient planning during times of runaway growth have left Florida thirsty. Engaging South Floridians to conserve dwindling resources is critical priority; water restrictions are part of strategy. It's time residents, cities they live in, come to terms with drought.

The editors

South Florida Sun Sentinel 2009-05-10

Opinion: First Garden drives shovel into heart of American icon

With incredible, edible garden, Obamas aren't just eating the view, they are eating the lawn. At 40 million acres, lawns are largest agricultural sector in America. They consume 270 billion gallons of water a week, enough for 81 million acres of organic vegetables. We spend $40 billion a year on seed, sod, and chemicals for them; they are the populist enemy.

By Ellen Goodman

The Boston Globe 2009-03-27

Storms bring some relief to thirsty California

Series of storms allows 5 percent increase of water allocation to Southern California. Projected deliveries from State Water Project, which provides a third of urban region's water, have risen to 20 percent of full allocation; typical deliveries are around 70 percent. Supply strained by population growth, curbs on pumping of Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta (click 'See also'), shift to permanent agricultural crops.

By Bettina Boxall

Los Angeles Times 2009-03-19

See also 

Water diversion threatens salmon, main food source for orcas

Extinction threat to spring-run chinook salmon and winter-run chinook salmon from pumping water out of Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta threatens 83 orcas' existence - they depend on salmon for food. Findings, in draft report, could garner support for environmental protection. And: Earlier, water flow to cities, farms cut to avert ecological collapses of water crossroads (click 'See also').

By Mike Taugher

The Mercury News (CA) 2009-02-13

See also 

Undercover operation nets fish trafficking charges

Undercover operation nets fish trafficking charges

chesapeakebay.org

In four-year undercover operation, agents used cover stories, recorded conversations, fish coroner to link Southern Maryland, fish market in D.C., and possibly dinner plates along East Coast. Authorities say traffickers moved about 600,000 pounds of illegal rockfish (also called striped bass) from Potomac River, Chesapeake Bay, valued at between $3 million and $7 million.

By David A. Fahrenthold and Del Quentin Wilber

The Washington Post 2009-02-07

Make meat special-occasion food, Germans told

Germans, among highest meat consumers in Europe, urged to eat meat only on special occasions to help planet; farm lobby, politicians balk. Government estimates that, kilo-for-kilo, compared to bread, emissions from poultry farming are more than four times as high; pork is six times as high, and beef and lamb are 16 times as high. Clearing of tropical forest for feed-crop cultivation also adds emissions.

By Kate Connolly

The Guardian (UK) 2009-01-23

Hospital meals in UK will go greener

To set public example, meat-free menus, more fresh produce, less bottled water and less dairy will be promoted in UK hospitals to cut global warming emissions. Without effective action now, millions will experience hunger, water shortages and coastal flooding as climate changes, report warns. And: Reducing meat, junk food in diet means healthier body and planet, says Mark Bittman in new book (click 'See also').

By Juliette Jowit

The Guardian (UK) 2009-01-26

See also 

Selling water conservation to 200 million customers a year

Shoved into reforms, Wal-Mart vowed in 2005 to go green. Now, among tens of thousands of products, it has made some progress, dragging suppliers along. Example: It sells only concentrated laundry detergent, which, company says, saves 400 million-plus gallons of water, 95 million pounds of plastic resin, 125 million pounds of cardboard, 520,000 gallons of diesel fuel over three years. Sustainability efforts have saved Wal-Mart hundreds of millions of dollars, experts say. And: Price hikes in grocery, health, wellness categories drove majority of Wal-Mart's sales growth in 2008 (click 'See also').

By Stephanie Rosenbloom and Michael Barbaro

The New York Times 2009-01-24

See also 

Italians asked to forgo pineapple, buy local

Italians asked to forgo pineapple, buy local

New York Daily News

Panettone is a traditional Italian holiday bread.

Italy's agriculture minister asks Italians to choose among the 4,500 foods of Italian origin - sausage-like zampone, cotechino or panettone, oranges, apples, kiwi - this holiday and to skip the items that travel 2,500 kilometers to market. Coffee, he says, is exception. And: panettone recipe (click 'See also').

By Colleen Barry

The Associated Press; International Herald Tribune 2008-12-18

See also 

Obama administration gets green to-do list

One president-elect, 30 environmental groups, 391 pages of recommendations. Transition to Green (click 'See also') farming proposals include renewing conservation contracts for 18 million acres, better enforcing erosion control rules, ending crop subsidies for newly broken native prairie. Most need neither Congressional approval nor new spending authority.

By Philip Brasher

The Des Moines Register 2008-12-07

See also 

Opinion: Time for radical move on bluefin tuna fishing

New Atlantic bluefin tuna quota creates danger of catastrophic species collapse. Sharply reduced quotas or, better, moratorium on tuna fishing, may be radical, but only radical move will save the fish that drives a billion-dollar industry. And: Same mistakes that led to collapse of Atlantic cod are being repeated with bluefin, says advocacy group (click 'See also').

The editors

The New York Times 2008-12-08

See also 

Opinion: Fishing for sustainable dinner

Opinion: Fishing for sustainable dinner

Monterey Bay Aquarium

The mackerel population is abundant, though a mercury advisory has been issued for King and Spanish varieties.

Now that we have caught large portion of all the fish in the sea and we're feeding fish to animals, not people, we have two choices. Either allow overfished species to return to sustainable levels while we broaden our appetites to include mackerel, sardines, anchovies and herring (click 'See also'), or face future of industrially farmed, flavor-deficient fish and accompanying environmental degradation.

By Mark Bittman

The New York Times 2008-11-16

See also 

Bid to protect cod, anchovy, whiting, other over-fished species

Bid to protect cod, anchovy, whiting, other over-fished species

UN/FAO

Citing urgent need to retain viable fishing industry, European Commission proposes drastic cuts in fishing limits and ban on several others to let populations recover from overfishing. But EU governments regularly ignore pleas from EU and scientists to limit fishing. And: Anchovy populations now unstable, UK group says (click 'See also').

By Jessica Aldred (and agencies)

The Guardian (UK) 2008-11-10

See also 

Opinion: Supporting the oceans' food chain

By feeding small fish to farmed fish, pigs and poultry, humans are out-eating the aquatic species that depend on those forage fish for existence - and threatening foundation of oceanic life. We must encourage less meat-based eating habits as true sign of affluence, and support sustainable agriculture in developing world. And: These small, tasty fish could feed people, says researcher (click 'See also').

The editors

The New York Times 2008-11-10

See also 

Massachusetts maple syrup industry under attack

Massachusetts maple syrup industry under attack

University of Vermont

Asian longhorned beetle

Wood-devouring beetle chews into valuable maples, threatening New England's syrup industry, leaf peeping, timber. Calling it a national emergency, government commits to spending tens of millions of dollars to fight 62 square-mile invasion; 1,800 trees must be destroyed. Eradication efforts in New York, New Jersey, Illinois have cost $268 million over past 11 years.

By Rodrique Ngowi

The Washington Post 2008-11-05

Florida begins conservation of soft-shell turtles

Florida cuts soft-shell turtle catch limits while crafting conservation plan for native amphibians found in lakes, ponds, canals. Biologist says that China's demand has wiped out most of Asia's native turtle populations; Florida seafood dealer buys 3,000 pounds of live turtles per week. And: Limit of 20 a day is too many, biologists say (click 'See also').

McClatchy Newspapers; The Guardian (UK) 2008-10-29

See also 

Whales in busy Alaska waterway endangered

Whales in busy Alaska waterway endangered

National Geographic

Beluga whales in Alaska's Cook Inlet declared endangered over Gov. Sarah Palin's objections. Listing means that new offshore drilling, new bridge, other activities must show they won't harm the 375 whales. And: Alaska Natives have been allowed to hunt the whales for subsistence, but there was no hunt for belugas in 2008 (click 'See also').

By Kenneth R. Weiss

Los Angeles Times 2008-10-17

See also 

Economic crisis dwarfed by cost of forest loss

Annual forest loss cost of $2 trillion to $5 trillion dwarfs current economy problems, analyst says. As forests decline, nature stops providing free services- clean water and food for foraging, plus absorption of carbon dioxide. Heartening signs: developing trade in natural ecosystems (similar to carbon trade); attention of government, business officials.

By Richard Black

BBC 2008-10-10

Maryland repopulating Chesapeake Bay with oysters

In restoration effort, Chesapeake Bay groups enlist waterfront property owners in oyster-growing venture using cages built by inmates at nearby prison. Maryland has planted more than 485 million oysters in the bay this year, a record, governor reports.

Chesapeake Bay Journal 2008-10-01

Human activity pushes mammals toward extinction

Farming, hunting, fishing, forest-clearing, pollution and climate change push one quarter to one-third of all land mammals toward extinction; one in three marine mammals is on the same path. 'Without the political and public will to spend money on species conservation we are pressed up against the wall,' says study director.

By Ian Sample

The Guardian (UK) 2008-10-06

Feeding hunger with bushmeat may cause extinctions

Gorillas, elephants, other animals at risk of extinction as starving population in central Africa struggles to eat and more people move to region for jobs in illegal logging and mining industries. Granting local peoples limited hunting while managing specific populations of animals in jungle may be only way to conserve, study authors say.

Scientific American 2008-09-15

See also 

Anchovy populations now unsustainable, group says

Anchovies added to list of 69 unsustainable fish, shellfish that ethical consumers should not eat, UK conservation group says. Assessment includes biology, stock status, management and impact of farming or fishing method and site of catch. And: For Monterey Bay Aquarium's sustainable fish choices, click 'See also.'

By David Adam

The Guardian (UK) 2008-09-04

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No protection for coho salmon, logging regulator decides

Reflecting industry ties, California forestry board turns down emergency salmon protection bid. Board regulates logging on private land. Coastal coho salmon numbers have plunged 73 percent since last year and may be near extinction. And: Logging and conversion of timberland have harmed coho salmon, fisheries group says (click 'See also').

McClatchy Newspapers/The Guardian (UK) 2008-08-07

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Conserved land won't be released without penalty, USDA says

Conservation program land won't be released for planting without penalty because of good harvest projections and because many farmers have already paid their way out of program, returning 288,726 acres to farming, USDA says. Decision disappoints bakers and livestock owners, who face high grain costs; hunters, conservationists pleased.

By Andrew Martin

The New York Times 2008-07-30

USDA considers conserved acres for more corn

USDA decision expected soon on whether millions of acres it rents from farmers to maintain soil, wildlife habitat, grasslands, trees, wetlands and buffer areas along streams and rivers can be plowed for corn crop without penalty. Amid rising food prices, last year's corn crop was used for ethanol; Congress has mandated increased ethanol use this year.

By Joel Achenbach

The Washington Post 2008-07-11

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Opinion: For future of salmon, stop eating it

Wild salmon collapse sends message: Don't eat it. Farm-raised is no better: Offshore net-cages dot long stretches of the west coast of the Americas. In Chile, overcrowding in those feedlots led to epidemic salmon anemia, fatal to millions of fish; in Canada, which supplies U.S. with 40 percent of its farmed salmon, sea-lice - a type of parasite - breed on farmed fish and then infect wild pink salmon.

By Taras Grescoe

The New York Times 2008-06-09

Opinion: Tending the ecosystem to feed the food system

Despite crisis, there is little attention to underpinning of all of our food systems - biodiversity and services provided by ecosystems, such as soil, water and resilience to disasters. We must change food systems from existing manufactured model to more environmentally-friendly inputs. Other complications: inequitable trade rules, agricultural subsidies and marginalization of small producers.

By Gonzalo Oviedo

BBC News 2008-06-02

Cutting food, water waste

Reducing food, water waste - estimated at 30 percent of food production worth about $48.3 billion, and up to half the water - must be part of the political agenda, say authors of report for UN. Effective conservation strategy aids farmers, business, ecosystems, and the hungry.

By Stephanie Blenckner

Stockholm International Water Institute 2008-05-14

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Bleak season for fish

West Coast ocean salmon fishery declared disaster, the first step in allowing those affected in Washington, Oregon and California to apply for federal disaster assistance. A federal fishery has been declared for West Coast salmon two years out of three. West Coast delegation hoped to attach a disaster aid measure to the Iraq war supplemental appropriation bill.

By Jeff Barnard

The Associated Press; The Seattle Times 2008-05-01

Opinion: Duty-bound

With precious few salmon returning to Sacramento River last fall, it's clear that salmon need help. California's leaders have duty to save them by protecting their habitats from effects of logging, by removing Klamath river dams and restoring waterways to their free-flowing nature. Water diversions must be calculated for minimal damage to fish.

The editors

San Francisco Chronicle 2008-03-23

No fishing?

After largest collapse of Pacific salmon stocks in 40 years, fishing council considers closing waters from Oregon to Mexico. More water from Sacramento River, site of many salmon runs, has been diverted for farms and cities. Costs to fishermen and their communities estimated in millions of dollars.

By Felicity Barringer

The New York Times 2008-03-13

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Fished out

Major fish populations off northwest Africa are collapsing because of industrialized overfishing,mostly for Europe. Area governments have chosen big money from foreign fleets over long-term fishery health. Lucrative fish processing and exporting are controlled by others, while one-boat livelihoods along coastal towns are idled and owners contemplate illegal immigration.

By Sharon LaFraniere

The New York Times 2008-01-14

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Less red

To save the planet and ward off diet-related disease, walk or bike half an hour a day instead of driving, and eat less red meat, say physicians and climate scientists. In global economy, the meat sector alone causes 18 percent of the world's greenhouse gas emissions, says UN report.

By Seth Borenstein

The Associated Press/Lifestyle Magazine 2007-11-11

Sweet and green

Saving the world, one cupcake at a time, Brooklyn bakery has cut its energy use by installing glazed windows, reduced water use and reduced its trash by switching to biodegradable bags and utensils; response from tradition-bound Italian neighborhood has been overwhelmingly positive.

By J. Alex Tarquinio

The New York Times 2007-11-01

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A little more

New amendments to farm bill may provide more money for land stewardship, rural development, energy and public nutrition, but increased payments to farmers of wheat, barley and canola in new legislation could spur challenges from World Trade Organization, Senate Agriculture chair says.

By Charles Abbott

Reuters 2007-10-30

Backyard local:

Whether in miniscule back yards or near abandoned houses, urban farmers find every sunny spot and put it to use in effort to connect to their food; backyard chicken and egg trend in Salt Lake City is nothing short of coop d'etat.

By Chris Adamson

Salt Lake City Weekly 2007-08-23

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Deer problem:

Program that last year brought 35,000 pounds of hunter-donated venison to low-income clients of southern Wisconsin food pantry endangered by budget cuts; testing the deer for Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) reduced by 60 percent; experts predict explosion in deer population.

By Christina Beam

Reedsburg Times Press (WI) 0000-00-00

Review: No time

Judging from plastic bottles clogging the landfills and SUVs clogging the highways, the news that we're killing ourselves and our world hasn't kicked in, so that makes "The 11th Hour," an unnerving, surprisingly affecting documentary, essential viewing.

By Manohla Dargis

The New York Times 2007-08-17

Starving whales:

Emaciated grey whales seen off the coast of Baja California may show a crucial break in ocean's food chain; algae mats, home to shrimp-like creatures that whales, walrus and sea ducks feed on, have disappeared as ice melts.

By Leonard Doyle

The Independent (UK)

Fish in decline:

Overfishing, poaching and pollution have depleted worldwide fish stocks to 10 percent of normal; for every pound of shrimp harvested, 10 pounds are discarded, along with turtles and dolphins, conservationists report.

By Eviana Hartman

Washington Post

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Opinion: A fish tale

It's a stretch to blame the precipitous worldwide decline of marlin, swordfish, tuna and sharks on Hemingway, even figuring spawning rates over four generations, but quest for sportsman-trophy fish photos like his have targeted the at-risk bluefin tuna.

By Paul Greenberg

The New York times (may require subscription)

Disappearing aquifer

To irrigate crops, farmers have pumped billions of gallons annually from the Ogallala Aquifer, a lake under parts of Great Plains states, but now, water table has dropped steeply, forcing new "dryland" methods of farming for conservation.

By Debbie Elliott

National Public Radio

Reviews:

"The Zen of Fish," and "The Sushi Economy," offer lessons in how global economy works, dangers of over-fishing and how it thrives on demand, and why trout might not be the best choice for eating raw (think tapeworms).

By Stuart Biggs

bloomberg.com 2007-08-08

Locavore's dilemma:

Local food advocates trumpet food miles, but the Life Cycle Assessment, with comprehensive accounting of all resources that go into food network, from fertilizer to electricity, offers clearer picture; meanwhile, air shipping is the most fuel-intensive, and the fastest growing sector of food transport.

By Drake Bennett

The Boston Globe

OPINION

New interactive map allows users to tract proliferation of factory farms by state and county - even number of animals - and it raises questions of whether we pursue the logic of industrialism to its limits, and how badly will it harm the landscape, the people who live in it and democracy itself?

The editors

The New York Times (may require subscription)

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Hard harvest:

In northeastern Brazil, farmers use simple technologies and great persistence to harvest, pick, raise and slaughter, despite high temperatures, little rain and unfertile soil; they begin with a mud-patch, to hold rainwater to create oases of production.

By Isaura Daniel; translated by Mark Ament

Brazil-Arab News Agency

Saving water

Coca-Cola, Nestle, and Läckeby Water Group join other food, drink producers in UN agreement to use water more efficiently; lack of access to clean water and sanitation undermines humanitarian, social, environmental, and economic goals.

By Ahmed ElAmin

foodproductiondaily.com

OPINION

Current agricultural policies distort food costs, waste billions of taxpayer dollars, and subsidize a handful of large farming operations that raise a few selected crops - and subvert subsistence farmers across the globe by dumping cheap surplus goods at below-market prices.

By Senator Richard Lugar and Representative Ron Kind

The Modesto Bee (CA) 2007-07-15

Food/Farm bill:

It's a $70 billion annual bill, and before, only agribusiness cared, but a tsunami of activists now believes that its subsidies for corn and soy encourage diet-related disease and climate change; instead, they advocate money for sustainable and organic food production, agricultural conservation and for a priority on fresh, local fruits and vegetables.

By Carol Ness

San Francisco Chronicle