Health & Physiology

Despite public health threat of cadmium, Mexico continues use of it in production of fertilizer, toys, batteries; population absorbs toxin through foods, smoking tobacco

By Emilio Godoy

Inter Press Service (Rome, Italy) 2011-11-03

Opinion: Children's needs ignored as Senate protects potato farmers who complained over proposed anti-obesity rules limiting high-carb foods for school meals

By Valerie Strauss

The Washington Post 2011-10-20

Processed food industry group says draft voluntary guidelines for advertising its items to children would cause loss of 74,000 jobs annually, billions in lost sales

By Marian Burros

Politco 2011-10-12

Lamb, beef, pork and cheese generate the most greenhouse gases, tend to be high in fat and have worst environmental impacts, lifecycle assessment shows

By Kari Hamershlag

Environmental Working Group 2011-10-01

25 states, House GOPs, industry want delay of mercury, acid-gas emission rules for coal-fired power plants; less air, water pollution will reduce mercury in fish

By Timothy Gardnery

Reuters 2011-10-10

In mouse study, early exposure to ultrafine particulates of air pollution similar to those in U.S. cities led to accumulation of abdominal fat, insulin resistance with normal diet

By Amy Westervelt

Forbes 2011-10-10

Opinion: As daily exposure to endocrine-disrupting toxins grows, academic scientists, clinicians need a place at regulatory table with EPA, FDA and industry scientists

By Patricia Hunt

Scientific American 2011-10-11

MyPlate, the federally recommended diet with abundance of fruits, vegetables, grains, doesn't jibe with federal pay to farmers who grow food for animals that become meat

By Arthur Allen

The Washington Post 2011-10-03

Coal-fired power plants' pollution costs U.S. $53 billion, more in health damage than those plants contribute to economy; crops and livestock production each cost $15 billion

By Ken Ward Jr.

The Charleston Gazette 2011-10-05

Enrolling overweight, prediabetic adults ages 60-64 in community-based weight-loss programs could save Medicare billions; diabetes costs U.S. $170 billion yearly

By Misty Williams

The Atlanta Journal-Constitution 2011-10-05

EPA proposal to cut mercury emissions from coal-fired power plants unites religious environmentalists, abortion foes; mercury in fish can cause prenatal brain, neurological damage

By Elizabeth Dias

Time magazine 2011-09-23

Though health concerns from pollution near fracking are longstanding, neither states nor feds have systematically tracked reports or comprehensively probed effects

by Abrahm Lustgarten and Nicholas Kusnetz

ProPublica 2011-09-16

Opinion: To become healthier, more sustainable population, we must encourage a shift from ubiquitous fast food to craft of cooking and associated thrift

By Mark Bittman

The New York Times 2011-09-27

13 die, 72 fall ill after eating listeria-tainted cantaloupe grown by Jensen Farms of Colorado

By William Neuman

The New York Times 2011-09-27

Opinion: To address medical costs, improve health, we must focus on policies in agriculture, transportation, energy, education that shape world beyond doctor's office

By Aaron Wernham

Roll Call 2011-09-26

Opinion: Convenience, addiction-like responses to hyperprocessed items have drowned out home cooking; we can counter by educating children and tearing down the food carnival

By Mark Bittman

The New York Times 2011-09-24

Diabetics more than twice as likely to develop Alzheimer's and also have increased risk of developing dementia, studies show

By Karen Kaplan

Los Angeles Times 2010-09-20

In "Willpower," authors show self-control resembles a muscle; it can tire and can be toned - and since its brain circuitry runs on glucose, a sugary pick-me-up restores it

By Steven Pinker

The New York Times 2011-09-04

NJ, RI senators want list of risky health, environment chemicals from EPA; it includes BPA, phthalates, polybrominated diphenyl ethers

By Cheryl Hogue

Chemical & Engineering News 2011-09-12

Inhaling insulin twice daily seems to slow Alzheimer's, which afflicts 5.4 million Americans; insulin deficiency in brain may be key factor in disease progression

By Melissa Healy

Los Angeles Times 2011-09-13

366 million worldwide have diabetes, which kills one person every seven seconds; it is "massive challenge" to healthcare, now costing $465 billion annually, UN warns

By Ben Hirschler

Reuters 2011-09-13

Opinion: Reviving home ec, and its premises - that producing good, nutritious food is profoundly important, that it takes study and practice - could fight diet-related disease

By Helen Zoe Veit

The New York Times 2011-09-05

Once eating habit is formed, taste unimportant to consumption patterns, study of stale popcorn-eating shows; unfamiliar context disrupts mindless eating

By Jeannine Stein

Los Angeles Times 2011-09-01

Sugary drinks add 300 calories daily to youths' diets; sodas, sports drinks are No. 1 single source of calories in American diet, accounting for half of all added sugars consumed

By Nanci Hellmich

USA Today 2011-08-31

People who eat high-fat, animal diet have different gut bacteria than those with mostly plant-based diet, study shows; next step is analysis of disease links

CBC News 2011-09-02

Researchers find Monsanto's Roundup chemical, glyphosate, in water, air; study follows others that probe rise of super weeds, other effects of toxin on soil, animals

By Carey Gillam

Reuters 2011-08-31

With wellness classes, support, company reduces health-care expenses and helps employees avoid chronic illnesses such as diabetes, heart disease, emphysema

By Marion Davis

The Boston Globe 2011-08-28

Half of U.S. residents will be obese by 2030, report says; governments, other groups urged to monitor, prevent, control obesogenic environment that undermines willpower

By Jennifer Huget

The Washington Post 2011-08-25

States' burden of obesity-related medical costs ranges from $203 million for Nevada to $15 billion per year in California, illustrating burden on health care system, analysts say

By Rachael Rettner

MSNBC 2011-08-23

Preliminary research from USDA shows that many vegetables have lost significant amounts of nutritional value since 1950s; scientist blames selective breeding

By Natalie Jones

Grist 2011-08-02

Healthy-weight and obese men consumed about 12 percent fewer calories at unlimited half-hour meal when they chewed their food more, study shows

By Katherine Harmon

Scientific American 2011-08-03

Concurrent national outbreak of Salmonella Heidelberg, discovery of clone of Salmonella Kentucky, underline rising danger of drug-resistant organisms in food supply

By Maryn McKenna

Wired 2011-08-03

Affordable "MyPlate" would be filled with lentils, cabbage, eggs and carrots, followed by oranges, apples, bananas, says researcher studying poverty-diet link

By Eliza Barclay

National Public Radio 2011-08-04

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), used to make oil-resistant paper packaging, Teflon, other nonstick products, may affect function of thyroid gland; study called "clinically disturbing"

By Ken Ward Jr.

Gazette-Mail (Charleston, WV) 2011-08-06

As NJ Governor Chris Christie experiences breathing troubles that force hospital stay, focus turns to notion that obesity precedes, predicts asthma

By Eryn Brown

Los Angeles Times 2011-07-28

Study, modeling suggest that up to half of Alzheimer's cases could be linked to obesity, diabetes, hypertension, physical inactivity, smoking, depression, low education

By Pam Belluck

The New York Times 2011-07-25

Opinion: Rather than subsidizing unhealthful foods with tax dollars, we should tax them, then use income to make good food affordable, ubiquitous

By Mark Bittman

The New York Times 2011-07-24

Opinion: Cutting harmful emissions from coal-fired power plants requires technology, ambition, but industry unlikely to invest unless Congress provides strong incentive

The editors

The New York Times 2011-07-20

Opinion: GOP-led House group seems bent on destroying laws protecting water, soil, air, but Obama, Senate must stand firm against states' likely race to bottom to lure business

The editors

The New York Times 2011-07-15

Supplier to Nike, Adidas, Puma, H&M, Lacoste accused of dumping endocrine disrupting toxins into Chinese water systems; critics point to hypocrisy of western outsourcers

By Jonathan Watts

The Guardian (UK) 2011-07-13

Citing harm to business, House Republicans push ahead on plans to hamstring air, water, soil protections

By Tennille Tracy

Dow Jones Newswires 2011-07-13

Sodium-potassium ratio predicts heart woes; to reduce risk, cut processed or restaurant foods and increase potatoes, spinach, bananas, prune juice, plain yogurt and fish

By Jennifer Corbett Dooren

The Wall Street Journal. (may require subscription) 2011-07-12

Golden-orange lining in metal water bottles may leach more BPA toxin than polycarbonate versions; unlined bottles, or those with white lining did better in tests

By Janet Raloff

Science News 2011-07-11

More neighborhood fast-food restaurants means low-income men eat there more often, but supermarket proximity doesn't guarantee good diet, study shows

By Genevra Pittman

Reuters 2011-07-12

Along Texas border, 45,000 live with no running water and have poor diet intrinsically linked to poverty, contributing to dental problems, diabetes, other chronic conditions

By Emily Ramshaw

The New York Times 2011-07-09

Biggest food makers, fast-food chains, media companies and Chamber of Commerce lobby to derail voluntary nutrition standards on salt, sugar, fat in kid-targeted products

By Lyndsey Layton and Dan Eggen

The Washington Post 2011-07-09

Feds could begin battling obesity with financial policies that make healthy foods cost less, by changing agricultural subsidies, and by restricting marketing, says expert

By Melissa Healy

Los Angeles Times 2011-07-07

Obesity rate climbs in all states, disproportionately affecting those with poor education and income, and minorities; report emphasizes need for affordable healthy foods

By Melissa Healy

Los Angeles Times 2011-07-07

EPA head left with only science, loyal lieutenants as she sets rules on smog, mercury, carbon dioxide, mining waste and vehicle emissions that will affect all corners of economy

By John M. Broder

The New York Times 2011-07-05

Study suggests that memory is like streaming video that is bookmarked, both consciously and subconsciously, by facts and scenes, even the taste of a particular cookie

By Benedict Carey

The New York Times 2011-07-05

Some experts believe that memory woes of those living in "stroke belt" could be related to lifestyle patterns that contribute to hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity

By Pam Belluck

The New York Times 2011-07-05

Study finds strong link between diabetes onset and blood levels of a group of harsh industrial chemicals that linger in fatty tissue of meat and fish

By Tom Philpott

Mother Jones 2011-07-04

EU vows $14.5m in emergency aid to feed 650,000 in North Korea; government promises unrestricted access over concerns that aid could be diverted to ruling elite, military

By Stephen Castle

The New York Times 2011-07-03

Restrictive diet over eight weeks reverses diabetes after fat levels in pancreas return to normal, researchers report; they think fat in pancreas, liver inhibits insulin production

By Thomas H. Maugh II

Los Angeles Times 2011-06-25

Opinion: Paul Ryan's draconian budget plan might not be best way to tackle federal deficit, but approach could help solve nation's obesity crisis

By Hank Cardello

The Atlantic magazine 2011-07-01

As EPA tightens on emissions of mercury, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, coal-heavy utility lobbies Congress on clean water, clean air rules

The Associated Press; Bloomberg Businessweek 2011-06-27

Philadelphia School District closes kitchens at 26 elementary and middle schools to help bridge a $629 million budget gap, affecting 16,681 children, mostly in poorest areas

By Kristen A. Graham

The Philadelphia Inquirer 2011-06-30

When we give up animal products, we must first trick our tongue, but then we must convince our stomach and intestines that our food is full of meaty amino acids, or MSG

By Jonah Lehrer

Wired 2011-06-23

Radioactive tritium has leaked from at least 48 of all 65 U.S. nuclear power stations, raising fears of water tainting; regulators, industry loosen standards to keep plants operating

By Jeff Donn

The Associated Press; MSNBC.com 2011-06-21

New breath test for diagnosis of vitamin B12 deficiency may allow for cheaper, faster, more accurate diagnosis; deficiency leads to fatigue, clinical depression and memory loss

By Nathan Gray

Nutraingredients.com/ Decision News Media 2011-06-23

Whether baked, boiled, French-fried or in chips, daily consumption of white potatoes a culprit in weight gain, Harvard researchers learn

By Daniela Hernandez

Los Angeles Times 2011-06-23

Opinion: As Chicago school coffers drain, free Rice Krispies Cereal Bars, Crunchmania French Toast Flavored Graham Snacks, Danimals Crush Cups tempt home-fed students

By Monica Eng

Chicago Tribune 2011-06-16

Removing cells in mouse brain responsible for precursors of dopamine, a signaling molecule with role in generating sensation of pleasure, leads to overeating, obesity

The Economist 2011-06-16

Rising rates of obesity, poorly controlled blood pressure, shortage of docs cited as reasons for stagnant or declining life expectancy across broad swaths of U.S.

By David Brown

The Washington Post 2011-06-15

Opinion: USDA's plate-plus message works better than anything presented before, so now it's time for Congress to fix agricultural policies so they support the recommendations

By Marion Nestle

San Francisco Chronicle 2011-06-05

Opinion: We need to support sweeping regulatory change to our main chemical safety law, and make chemical companies demonstrate their products are safe before sale to us

By Dominique Browning

The New York Times 2011-05-09

Opinion: Mostly preventable chronic diseases is largest driver of health care costs, accounting for 75 cents of every $1 spent; we spend less than 5 cents on prevention

By Kenneth Thorpe and Jonathan Lever

Kaiser Health News 2011-05-01

Opinion: We need legal action, not voluntary guidelines that request compliance from a blame-the-victim industry that pushes ultra-processed, unhealthful junk food-like products

By Mark Bittman

The New York Times 2011-05-03

With farmed tilapia, researchers worry over omega-6 acids created by corn-soy diet (linked to increased risk of heart disease), environmental degradation, imports from China

By Elisabeth Rosenthal

The New York Times 2011-05-02

Opinion: Nutrition professor says she now supports soda ban for $68 billion SNAP program and is impressed with WIC, which allows purchase of only restricted number of nutrient-rich foods

By Marion Nestle

San Francisco Chronicle 2011-05-01

Feds go to court to stop Amish farm in PA from selling unpasteurized milk; devotees say heat process kills good bacteria, but FDA says it protects public from salmonella, E. coli, listeria

By Stephen Dinan

The Washington Times 2011-04-28

Three sugar distributors sue ADM, Cargill over "misleading" ads equating high-fructose corn syrup with sugar, saying that campaign is response to customer concerns about obesity

By Dan Levine

Reuters 2011-04-28

Changing name of product is enough to alter perceptions of food's healthfulness and taste, and so change its consumption, study suggests; ambiguity "prevalent" in food industry

By Nathan Gray

Foodnavigator.com /Decision News Media 2011-04-26

Immediate high-protein feeding reduces severity of traumatic brain injury, improves chances of survival; in U.S., 1.5 million go to emergency rooms with head injuries annually

By Shirley S. Wang

The Wall Street Journal. (may require subscription) 2011-04-21

Smartphones, carried by almost three-quarters of world's population, generate immense commercial databases that reveal webs of relationships - from disease to ideas to power

By Robert Lee Hotz

The Wall Street Journal. (may require subscription) 2011-04-23

Supplements of resveratrol, ingredient found in red wine and linked to French Paradox, may improve body's response to insulin, the hormone that helps metabolize sugar, fat

By Stephen Daniells

Nutraingredients.com/ Decision News Media 2011-04-21

Texas lawmakers target junk food, sugary soda, food stamps limits to cut obesity; diet-related disease costs state businesses $9.5 billion a year in lost worker productivity

By Chuck Lindell

The Statesman (Austin, TX) 2011-04-19

Humans are host to three ecosystems, each involving multitude of bacteria species; gut microbes aid in food digestion and synthesize vitamins, using enzymes our cells can't make

By Carl Zimmer

The New York Times 2011-04-20

If childhood obesity specialist is right, excessive consumption of sugar is main reason for obesity, diabetes epidemics; it's also likely cause of heart disease, high blood pressure, common cancers

By Gary Taubes

The New York Times 2011-04-13

Children exposed to high levels of organophosphates -pesticides sprayed on food crops - while in womb have lower I.Q. scores than their peers by school age, studies show

By Tara Parker-Pope

The New York Times 2011-04-21

Opinion: To avoid fiscal catastrophe and millions of premature deaths, prevent disease rather than treat it; build food distribution system that favors real food, and market it

By Mark Bittman

The New York Times 2011-04-12

Gut bacteria-obesity link furthered in rat study, significant since 1.5 billion people expected to be overweight by 2015, at health costs above $117 billion per year in U.S. alone

By Stephen Daniells

nutraingredients.com/ Decision News Media 2011-04-11

In possible instance of "halo effect," survey of 144 showed that foods labeled "organic" were perceived as lower in calories, higher in fiber, more nutritious than unlabeled versions

By David W. Freeman

CBS News 2011-04-11

New $3 iPhone app analyzes calorie range of meals by photos matched to database of 500,000 food items; company head suggests using it as food diary

By Bernd Debusmann Jr.

Reuters 2011-04-11

Risks to humans, environment from glyphosate, key ingredient in Monsanto's top-selling weed killer worldwide, to be re-evaluated by U.S., Canadian regulators; results due in 2015

By Carey Gillam

Reuters 2010-04-08

For some, eating triggers neural activity similar to that of drug addicts, study shows, but blaming overeating on dopamine craving could mask need to treat stress, emotional woes

By Marissa Cevallos

HealthKey; Los Angeles Times 2011-04-05

FDA panel rejects need for warnings on food coloring; use of the cheaper dyes, once made from coal tar but now derived from petroleum, has increased 50 percent since 1990

By Lyndsey Layton

The Washington Post 2011-03-31

Pakistan's Sindh state set to mandate iodization of salt in bid to eliminate deficiency disorders; iodine vital for normal body and mental development, physical well being

By Jess Halliday

nutraingredients.com/ Decision News Media 2011-03-31

Consuming colostrum produced by cows 48 hours after giving birth can improve athletic performance of runners by massively reducing gut permeability, study shows

By Helen Glaberson

nutraingredients.com/ Decision News Media 2011-03-30

Vegetable varieties, nutrient levels, nutrient access, gut bacteria, genomes, even time in life foods are eaten confound scientists as they probe complexities of diet and cancer

By Sarah DeWeerdt

Nature 2011-03-24

Opinion: Pew poll shows majority in favor of federal role in fighting obesity, but group includes only 41 percent of Republicans, 33 percent of those who agree with tea partiers

By Charles M. Blow

The New York Times 2011-03-11

Cholera shaped just as much by sea surface temperature, ocean currents, and weather changes as by poor sanitation; with warming, outbreaks may become more common

By Sonia Shah

Le Monde 2011-03-08

As part of preventive health strategy, Surgeon General urges increased access to healthy foods, eliminating food deserts, establishing nutritional guidelines in schools and elsewhere

By Charles Fiegl

amednews.com 2011-03-07

Opinion: Single-factor studies need answers to 3 questions: Is result biologically plausible? Did study control for other possibly influential dietary or lifestyle factors? Who sponsored it?

By Marion Nestle

San Francisco Chronicle 2011-03-06

Overweight, sedentary lifestyle shared by 150 million or so Americans increases risk of cancer of colon, postmenopausal breast, endometrial, kidney and esophagus, study shows

By Karen Ravn

Los Angeles Times 2011-03-07

Most plastic products, from sippy cups to food wraps, can release estrogen-like chemicals, even before exposure to simulated sunlight, dishwashing, microwaving, study shows

By Jon Hamilton

National Public Radio/ All Things Considered 2011-03-02

Opinion: Might not a government aware of links between poor diets, obesity and diabetes yet stubbornly beholden to beef, sugar lobbies be accused of obfuscation, corruption?

By Jocelyn C. Zuckerman

The Atlantic magazine 2011-02-25

Opinion: Republicans' drive to weaken U.S. environmental protections leaves them little time to mull protecting farmland, wild lands from commercial development seen as essential to nation's health

The editors

The New York Times 2011-02-21

Opinion: The students at Chicago Public Schools are right - in healthier lunches, they get cardboardy crusts, chalky macaroni salad, formaldehyde-scented lettuce, canned pears that taste like wet toilet paper

By Monica Eng

Chicago Tribune 2011-02-20

Campbell Soup to spend $10 million to fight childhood obesity, hunger in Camden, N.J., site of headquarters and where nearly 40 percent of town's children are obese

By Geoff Mulvihill

The Associated Press; Bloomberg Businessweek 2011-02-15

Veteran CIA officer says feds covered up negligence associated with his family's stay at environmentally troubled Camp Stanley, where house oozed toxic mold and aquifer was tainted

By Charlie Savage

The New York Times 2011-02-11

In study, children who ate school lunches were 29 percent more likely to be obese than those who brought lunch from home; soda consumption was also predictive of obesity

By Meredith Melnick

Time magazine 2011-02-07

Strokes rising dramatically among young and middle-aged in U.S., a sign that obesity epidemic may be reshaping disease; sharpest hike - 51 percent - is in men 15-34

The Associated Press; National Public Radio 2011-02-09

Daily consumption of diet soda linked to higher risks for stroke, heart attack versus no soda; other studies link diet and regular soda to risk of diabetes, metabolic syndrome

The Associated Press; National Public Radio 2011-02-09

Kerala villagers join campaign to ban Endosulfan pesticide, but Indian government, the world's largest producer, exporter and user, says negative health reports are limited and ban would risk food security

By Rama Lakshmi

The Washington Post 2011-02-07

Children on healthy diets as toddlers are more intelligent at age 8 than those fed mostly processed food diet at age three despite dietary changes later, research suggests

By Richard Alleyne

The Telegraph (UK) 2011-02-08

USDA says eggs contain less cholesterol than before, probably because of better food for hens; large egg now contains 185 mg, but Dietary Guidelines recommend 300 mg daily

By Jennifer LaRue Huget

The Washington Post 2011-02-08

Opinion: Food and everything surrounding it is a crucial matter of personal and public health, of national and global security; at stake is health of humans and that of earth

By Mark Bittman

The New York Times 2011-02-01

Enjoy food, but eat less; fill half your plate with fruits and vegetables, switch to fat-free or low-fat milk, choose low-salt foods, drink water instead of sugary drinks, new USDA Dietary Guidelines say

By Monica Eng

Chicago Tribune 2011-01-31

2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans to be released on Monday, Jan. 31 at 10 a.m. EST; to watch the live webcast, visit www.usda.gov/live, and to read them, visit www.DietaryGuidelines.gov

By Marion Nestle

marionnestle.com 2011-01-27

CDC says 26 million Americans have type 2 diabetes, up from 23.6 million in 2008; about 79 million US adults now have "pre-diabetes," with blood sugar levels higher than normal

By Rob Stein

The Washington Post 2011-01-26

In move that could influence entire grocery industry, Walmart to eliminate industrial trans fats in all packaged food items, cut added sugars in some foods, cut sodium in others

By Ariel Schwartz

Fast Company 2011-01-25

Economists find link between Walmart Supercenters, weight gain in people living nearby; arrival of Walmart has been shown to drop prices by between eight and 27 percent

By Shannon Proudfoot

The Gazette (Montreal) 2011-01-18

Opinion: Background factor conducive to unhinged violence is standard junk food diet, dangerously low in omega fatty acids found in fish and walnuts, which help counter depression

By Wayne Roberts

NOW Toronto 2011-01-13

Opinion: It's time to reduce work hours and alter balance between time and cash, to trim dependence on formal market by "self-providing," including small-scale agriculture

By Juliet Schor

The Nation 2010-05-24

Economic cost of overweight and obesity in U.S. and Canada caused by medical costs, excess mortality, disability was $300 billion in 2009, analysis of studies shows

Society of Actuaries 2010-12-01

Author of "The China Study" found that 20 years of research changed his nutrition teaching from nutrient and animal-product based to one advocating whole, plant-based foods

By Tara Parker-Pope

The New York Times 2011-01-07

Teens' excessive sugar intake, preschoolers' exposure to second-hand smoke increases risk for heart disease later in life, making case for early prevention, two studies show

By Nicholas Bakalar

The New York Times 2011-01-10

German authorities struggle to contain widening dioxin-tainted food scandal after China temporarily halts imports of German pork and egg products

By Patrick Donahue

Reuters 2011-01-12

Opinion: Obesity epidemic requires common sense - return P.E. to schools, offer better food in school cafeterias, end some subsidies, reward wellness in employer health plans, and eat more homemade dinners with our families

By David Gratzer, M.D.

The Washington Times 2011-01-07

New dioxin-tainted food scandal in Germany points to criminal deficiencies in system; low cost for livestock feed is main driver and previous safety efforts have targeted food, not feed

By Andrea Brandt, Michael Frohlingsdorf, Nils Klawitter, Julia Koch, Michael Loeckx and Udo Ludwig

Der Spiegel 2011-01-10

Adults with family history of alcoholism 30 to 40 percent more likely to be obese than those with no alcoholism in family, likely due to obesity-inducing food environment, study shows

By Roni Caryn Rabin

The New York Times 2011-01-05

Someone who touched communion wafers distributed at Christmas Day services at New York church was infected with hepatitis A; virus is spread by ingestion so vaccinations urged

By Paul Vitello

The New York Times 2011-01-04

Top nutritional scientists say cutting carbs is key to reversing obesity, heart disease, Type 2 diabetes and hypertension; amount of carbs in diet appears to be potent contributor to fat in blood

By Marni Jameson

Los Angeles Times 2010-12-20

Opinion: Future of food in America hinges on our ability to listen to what the earth and scientists and farmers are telling us and to practice moderation in consumption, agriculture

By Mario Batali

The Wall Street Journal. (may require subscription) 2010-11-20

Opinion: As parents, educators, nutritionists and marketers, we have to imbue our children with love of fruits, vegetables - the most beneficial food for growing bodies

By George Ball

The Wall Street Journal. (may require subscription) 2011-01-03

With three dishes - a stir-fry, a chopped salad and a rice-lentil dish - you can leave processed foods behind, creating more healthful, cheaper, tastier food that requires less energy, water and land per calorie

By Mark Bittman

The New York Times 2011-01-02

Opinion: With annual cost of treating obesity, diet-related ills at $168 billion, adults are obliged to teach children how to live; Sarah Palin should make distinctions among policies worth opposing

The editors

The Wall Street Journal. (may require subscription) 2010-12-27

Japanese firm with major investments in diabetes and obesity research partners with nonprofit biomedical research facility and hospital in Florida on fat-burning mechanisms

By Linda Shrieves

Orlando Sentinel 2010-12-27

PepsiCo links to Yale through food lab near campus and with $250,000 fellowship for an MD-PhD student researching nutrition and obesity-related diseases

By William Weir

The Hartford Courant 2010-12-28

After tests find hexavalent chromium in drinking water, expert says most people ingest chromium from food or cigarettes, not water; acidic foods can leach the heavy metal from stainless steel pots

By Eliza Barclay

National Public Radio/ Shots 2010-12-22

Supplementing diet with blueberries may slow and even reverse decline in mental function associated with age, suggest results of new study with lab rats

By Stephen Daniells

nutraingredients.com/ Decision News Media 2010-12-21

Chicago Public Schools district and its meal purveyor block use of fruits, vegetables, herbs from school gardens for lunch trays; Chartwells says its farmers, suppliers are professionals

By Monica Eng

Chicago Tribune 2010-10-19

5 myths about hunger in U.S.: No one goes hungry in America, ending malnourishment is merely a humanitarian concern, children are only ones who go hungry, the food that America wastes could feed everybody, hunger is about food

By Robert Egger

The Washington Post 2010-11-21

Houston businessman to pay $15 million to settle allegations of selling old potato flakes, salad dressing, produce, peanut butter, lobster, hamburger to U.S. military for combat troops

By P.J. Huffstutter and Andrew Blankstein

Los Angeles Times 2010-11-20

To reach appropriate weight, eat less, move more; lifelong change requires healthy relationship with food - not eating only Twinkies or taking a pill, experts agree

By Madison Park

CNN 2010-11-12

Scientists study kokumi, seen as sixth taste, translated as "heartiness" or "mouthfulness" and describes compounds including calcium, L-histidine,glutathione (in yeast extract)

Lisa Bramen

Smithsonian magazine 2010-01-27

Spurred by diabetes epidemic, fewer transplants, better cardiac care, dialysis becomes lifeline for many, but treatment often compromised by sanitation woes, inadequate staffing

By Robin Fields

Propublica 2010-11-09

Nonstick and water-repellent chemicals used to line fast food wrappers, microwave popcorn bags shown to migrate into food, taint blood with PFCAs

By Kim Luke

ScienceDaily; University of Toronto 2010-11-09

Opinion: Health care system systematically rewards doctors for treatment of disease, not its prevention; healthy eating means variety, minimal processing, moderation

By Marion Nestle

San Francisco Chronicle 2010-09-05

Del Monte Fresh Cut Green Beans leads list of processed and fresh foods in BPA content, scientists find in analysis of foods; toxin linked to heart disease, diabetes, reproductive ills

By Eryn Brown

Los Angeles Times 2010-11-02

Tainted beef from Spain caused failed drug test, says Alberto Contador, Tour de France winner; clenbuterol enhances muscle growth in livestock but is banned in U.S., Europe

By Juliet Macur

The New York Times 2010-10-01

Annual cost of being obese is $4,879 for a woman and $2,646 for a man; price tag may help policymakers weigh value of spending to prevent and fight obesity, says economist

By Lauran Neergaard

The Associated Press; The News Tribune (Tacoma, WA) 2010-09-20

In pursuit of next big trend, Unilever assembles team of archaeologists, anthropologists, evolutionary geneticists, food scientists, botanists to probe diets from Palaeolithic era

By Jess Halliday

nutraingredients.com/ Decision News Media 2010-09-20

Costs not calculated in consumer price of meat, other animal products include health, food safety, tax dollars to corn, soy farmers, environment, farm consolidation, animal welfare

By Monica Eng

Chicago Tribune 2010-09-23

Eat to be well, says physician, who urges colleagues to see food - growing, buying, cooking, eating - as mainstay of medical educations, personal lives and practices

By Katrina Heron

The New York Times 2010-09-21

Restaurant critic finds that cutting out junk food led to weight loss and helped him regain normal blood sugar levels despite alarming diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes

By Steve Cuozzo

New York Post 2010-09-02

Adding fuel to meat safety debate, public health officials link ground beef to illnesses from a rare strain of E. coli; likely source was Cargill, which recalled 8,500 pounds of hamburger

By William Neuman

The New York Times 2010-09-02

Opinion: Industrial meat, egg factories excel at manufacturing cheap food, but evidence shows model is economically viable only because it passes on health costs to public

By Nicholas D. Kristof

The New York Times 2010-09-02

In Massachusetts program to combat childhood obesity, physicians write vegetable prescriptions to be filled at farmers' markets

By Natasha Singer

The New York Times 2010-08-12

Review: In "The Coming Famine," terrifying facts make book gripping, but author's solutions inspire: mandate food and waste composting, fund research, educate on costs of food

By Mark Bittman

The New York Times 2010-08-25

Short period of binge eating - on a cruise, first few weeks of dorm life - can cause long-lasting changes in body fat composition, higher LDL cholesterol, researchers say

By Shari Roan

Los Angeles Times 2010-08-25

Researchers see 102 percent increase in produce purchases after dividing shopping cart space in half, with one side for fruits/vegetables, other for everything else

By Justin Bannister

New Mexico State University 2010-07-19

Obesity in mice caused in part by gut bacteria, say researchers; mice with bacteria from obese mice ate more, developed metabolic syndrome; antibiotics can prevent syndrome

By Sarah P. Williams

HHMI Bulletin 2010-08-10

Mediterranean diet, rich in fish, olive oil, tomatoes, watermelons, orangs, whole grains - and red wine - can help protect skin from sun's harmful rays, researcher says

Tel Aviv University 2010-08-16

Arthritis may be linked to nutrition deficits in womb, early childhood, moose researchers note; one theory posits that nutrition may amplify or jump-start responsible genes

By Pam Belluck

The New York Times 2010-08-16

Opinion: Impact of public health felt most clearly in absence of negative consequences - good quality of food, water, for example- which reduces awareness of its vital functions

By David Tuller

California Magazine 2010-07-01

Obesity, environmental chemicals may be catalysts for earlier puberty in girls, researchers say

By Denise Grady

The New York Times 2010-08-09

Deficiency in alpha-linolenic acid (omega-3) plus chronic excess of linoleic acid (omega-6) may lead to inherited obesity; Western diet has increased more than 250 percent in levels of omega-6 intake, dropped omega-3 by 40 percent in 40 years

By Nathan Gray

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2010-08-06

Diet has dominant role in shaping gut bacteria and may be a cause of chronic disease, obesity, results of study indicate

By Caroline Scott-Thomas

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2010-08-06

Sodium, excess of which raises risk for diet-related disease, lurks in processed and restaurant foods; to cut intake, eat fresh produce instead, consume smaller portions

By Betsy McKay

The Wall Street Journal. (may require subscription) 2010-08-03

Pig farmers, accustomed to administering antibiotics for fast growth, disease prevention, battle proposed reduction in use; at issue is growing antibiotic resistance in humans

By Philip Brasher

The Des Moines Register 2010-08-01

Kellogg cereal recall hints at huge gaps in government's knowledge about risks of the 80,000 chemicals in everyday products, from food to furniture to clothing

By Lyndsey Layton

The Washington Post 2010-08-02

Farmers, impoverished rural residents pay for China's breakneck economic boom with water and air pollution, livestock ills, increasing levels of human disease

By Jonathan Watts

The Guardian (UK) 2010-06-07

Opinion: Increase in health literacy crucial; reducing infant mortality is laudable, but if we fail to teach healthy eating habits, kids will develop diabetes

By George “Chip” Morris

Journal Sentinel (Milwaukee, WI) 2010-07-24

Regular consumption of calcium supplements increases risk of heart attack by about 30 percent, analysis of 15 studies involving 12,000 people suggests

By Nathan Gray

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2010-07-30

USDA researchers exploring cinnamon, other spices for beneficial effects on insulin levels, related functions

By Mike Stones

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2010-07-23

Hospitals push to limit antibiotic use in livestock, pledge to improve quality, sustainability of food served; sector spends $9.6 billion on food and drink annually

By Monica Eng

Chicago Tribune 2010-07-18

Democrats quarrel over BPA amendment, stalling bill that would give FDA power to recall tainted food, quarantine geographic areas and access food producers' records

By Julian Pecquet

The Hill 2010-07-19

Moral licensing is emerging field of study that probes good/bad balance sheet in our heads that allows us to order Quarter Pounder and fries - with Diet Coke

By Michael S. Rosenwald

The Washington Post 2010-07-18

High blood levels of vitamin D, sunshine vitamin, may cut risk of developing Parkinson's disease by 67 per cent, says study

By Stephen Daniells

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2010-07-13

Opinion: Behavioral economics has its limits - with obesity, we focus on food labeling rather than mustering political will to change relative price of healthful, unhealthful foods

By George Loewenstein and Peter Ubel

The New York Times 2010-07-15

Scientists gather information on microbes that infuse us, linking some to obesity, others to reduced incidence of autoimmune disease in children who live on farms

By Carl Zimmer

The New York Times 2010-07-13

Hedonic or homeostatic? Scientists use brain imaging to understand how lure of food can overrule body's mechanisms that regulate hunger, satiety

By Melinda Beck

The Wall Street Journal. (may require subscription) 2010-07-13

DNA retrieved from discarded slice of pizza led Los Angeles police to suspect in Grim Sleeper serial killings

By Maura Dolan, Joel Rubin, Hector Becerra, Andrew Blankstein, Richard Winton and Robert Faturechi

Los Angeles Times 2010-07-07

Opinion: New health care law, with prevention panel, could turn current "sick care" system into one that helps keep people healthy

By John Seffrin, Larry Hausner and Nancy Brown

Politico 2010-06-15

Government makes $250 million available for preventive health care programs, including those targeting behavior, obesity, fitness

UPI 2010-06-23

As FDA mulls antibiotic rules, ethanol industry frets over residue left in distillers grains, a lucrative byproduct of industry and major source of feed for beef, dairy cattle

By Philip Brasher

The Des Moines Register 2010-05-30

Processed food industry using "delay and divert" strategy to defend salt, its low-cost way to create tastes, textures that work with fat and sugar to achieve flavors that grip consumers and do not let go

By Michael Moss

The New York Times 2010-05-30

Though cheap food is pillar of economy, it is increasingly contested by groups citing its costs to society, environment, public health, animal welfare and gastronomy

By Michael Pollan

The New York Review of Books 2010-06-10

Dow-funded study warns of dioxin in beef, vegetables raised in Michigan's Tittabawassee floodplain; elevated levels in people linger after 10 years

By Eartha Jane Melzer

The Michigan Messenger 0000-05-11

Give preference to organic food, microwave in glass containers and not plastic, check for radon levels in home, cancer panel says

By Nicholas D. Kristof

The New York Times 2010-05-06

Mainstream sentiment in U.S. against high-fructose corn syrup pushes manufacturers into reformulating common products; sales of sweetener jump in Mexico

By Melanie Warner

The New York Times 2010-04-30

Insurance firm teams with YMCA to offer free diet, exercise pilot to fight diabetes; cost of treating both diabetes and pre-diabetes exceeds $200 billion a year

By Reed Abelson

The New York Times 2010-04-13

Opinion: Congress should pass Preservation of Antibiotics for Medical Treatment Act, which would ban industrial farms from antibiotics important to human health

By Donald Kennedy

The New York Times 2010-04-17

Big insurance companies own billions in stock of five largest fast-food companies; researchers point to "disconnect"

By Sarah Klein

CNN 2010-04-15

Opinion: Biggest bang for our taxpayer dollars is childhood obesity prevention; Let's Move starts process of making children's food healthier

By David Wallinga, M.D.

The Huffington Post 2010-04-09

Adequate vitamin D intake in German citizens could save country $51 billion in medical costs, study says

By Stephen Daniells

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2010-04-02

Plastics chemicals increasingly scrutinized for links to disease; EPA has required testing for only about 200 of the 83,000 in inventory and restricted only five

By Bryan Walsh

Time magazine 2010-04-01

Glass of wine with dinner aids digestion, studies show

By Anahad O'Connor

The New York Times 2010-03-04

Electric utilities lobby furiously against new EPA rules on coal ash, which is spread on crop fields and leaks cancer-causing toxins into drinking water

By Jeff Goodell

Rolling Stone 2010-03-17

Bart Hoebel, senior researcher on study that links high-fructose corn syrup to obesity in rats, parries criticisms of nutrition professor

By Jennifer LaRue Huget

The Washington Post 2010-03-26

Biology of weight gain could be key to slimming our collective waistline, if scientists can use knowledge to create treatments

By Alice Park

Time magazine 2010-03-23

In coffee, bold rich roast creates compound that helps dial down production of stomach acid, researchers learn

By Rachel Ehrenberg

Science News 2010-03-22

In mouse study, bisphenol A exposure linked to life-long fertility defects, gene changes in offspring

By Rory Harrington

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2010-03-09

Opinion: With 70 percent of antibiotics fed to healthy livestock, they're ineffective for sick people; we are brewing a perfect pandemic

By Nicholas D. Kristof

The New York Times 2010-03-07

Adding milk to black tea reduces antioxidant potential, study shows; researchers note public health implications

By Stephen Daniells

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2010-03-02

Links found between gut microbes, obesity in mice; researcher now looking for same signs in humans with metabolic syndrome

By Brandon Keim

Wired Science 2010-03-04

Daily consumption of dark chocolate changes metabolism, gut flora in anxious subjects, Nestle researchers report

By Stephen Daniells

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2010-02-26

Reduced aggression rates of prisoners in vitamin study prompts calls for more research

By Stephen Daniells

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2010-02-23

Researchers call for diet featuring antioxidant-rich fruits, vegetables in effort to combat rising rates of Type 2 diabetes

By Jane Byrne

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2010-02-23

With public-private coalition, First Lady aims to end childhood obesity in a generation

By Mimi Hall and Nanci Hellmich

USA Today 2010-02-09

Opinion: Because obesity threatens national security, group of military retirees calls for extra funding to improve school meals, snacks, other nutrition programs

By Johnnie E. Wilson

The Atlanta Journal-Constitution 2010-02-08

Eating low-carb meal after exercise helps body take sugar from bloodstream, store it as fuel in muscles, other tissues

By Jennifer Warner

WebMd News 2010-01-29

Fish oil supplements can head off first psychotic episodes, study shows

By Melissa Healy

Los Angeles Times 2010-02-01

EPA to investigate cluster of birth defects in farm worker community near toxic dump

By Louis Sahagun

Los Angeles Times 2010-01-27

High blood pressure damages brain, is factor in dementia, study shows

By Lauran Neergaard

The Associated Press; Detroit Free Press 2010-01-26

Cut dietary salt (mostly from processed foods) to prevent heart attacks, strokes, death, study says

By Shirley S. Wang

The Wall Street Journal. (may require subscription) 2010-01-21

Lack of clean water threatens earthquake survivors with potentially fatal dehydration, massive outbreaks of dysentery, cholera

By Rob Stein

The Washington Post 2010-01-16

BPA, used in food can linings, bottles, of "some concern" for children, infants, FDA now says

By Jennifer Corbett Dooren and Alicia Mundy

Dow Jones Newswire/The Wall Street Journal. (may require subscription) 2010-01-15

Vitamin D levels for most are especially deficient during winter months, scientists say

By Stephen Daniells

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2010-01-14

Higher BPA exposure consistently linked to reported heart disease in the general adult population in U.S., UK researchers say

By Rory Harrington

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2010-01-14

Books: In "Slow Death by Rubber Duck," authors probe everyday pollution in tuna, nonstick coatings, canned food linings

By Lisa Bonos

The Washington Post 2010-01-10

Acclaimed European chef adds veal cheeks, plum compote in revamp of space station menu

Der Spiegel 2010-01-08

Scientists to study effects of phthalates, BPA, PBDEs, other toxins on humans

By Valerie Bauman

The Associated Press; Chicago Tribune 2009-12-28

Habitual consumption of fast-food burgers, fried chicken linked to diabetes

By Joene Hendry

Reuters; ABC News 2009-12-29

Zinc may fight viruses, but overload linked to balance, memory problems and nasal nerve damage

By Emily Sohn

Los Angeles Times 2009-12-21

After decades-long exposure to toxic tap water, Chicago area residents still waiting for results of cancer study

By Michael Hawthorne

Chicago Tribune 2009-12-30

Overuse of antibiotics in livestock causes plague of drug-resistant infections, researchers say

By Margie Mason and Martha Mendoza

The Associated Press; San Francisco Chronicle 2009-12-28

Residents suspect toxic dump, pesticides, water, traffic exhaust in birth defects spike

By Noaki Schwartz

The Associated Press; The Spokesman-Review 2010-12-22

U.S. tests tap water for only 91 contaminants though hundreds linked to illness with long exposure

By Charles Duhigg

The New York Times 2006-12-16

Hotel's chlorine-removing water filter suspected in bacterial illness outbreak

By Damien Cave

The New York Times 2009-12-15

Coffee, tea consumption may protect against diabetes, meta study shows

By Jeannine Stein

Los Angeles Times 2009-12-14

Baseball players lead drive for better food on clubhouse menus

By David Biderman

The Wall Street Journal. (may require subscription) 2009-12-11

Opinion: Maybe health care begins in our plastic food containers

As debate continues on health insurance and mammograms, lingering question is whether our ills have more to do with contaminants in our water or air or in plastic containers. What if surge in asthma, childhood leukemia reflect, in part, poisons we impose upon ourselves? Physicians at cancer symposium say they avoid microwaving food in plastic or putting plastics in the dishwasher, because heat may cause chemicals to leach out; they say avoid plastics numbered 3, 6 and 7. And: Lawmaker pushes for legislation to study links between women's reproductive health and chemicals that may cause hormone disruption (click 'See also').

By Nicholas D. Kristof

The New York Times 2009-12-05

See also 

Dirty water fuels 4,700 cholera cases in Kenya

Cholera rages in Kenya after drought leaves many people only dirty, germ-infested water to drink. Drought also has left thousands of people malnourished and weak, making them vulnerable to infectious diseases. Infection can occur by taking a sip from a cup used by an infected person; best treatment is rehydration salts to restore fluids. And: It's shameful that amazing advances in technology exist side-by-side with disease, poverty, hunger, illiteracy and other scourges of the Third World (click 'See also').

By Jeffrey Gettleman

The New York TImes 2009-12-04

See also 

Start-up says health care reform begins on the plate

Start-up with backing from Groupe Danone undertakes health care reform by using a simple, low-tech premise: Eat healthier food to become healthier. Idea is to help companies move employees to better diets that, the logic goes, will reduce medical needs, thus cutting costs. Food is cheapest, simplest, most pleasurable way to deal with health, says head of Full Yield. Study shows that 75 percent of country's $2.5 trillion in health care spending addresses increasingly prevalent chronic diseases: obesity, Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, cancer.

By Melanie Warner

The New York Times 2009-11-29

Greening of VA helps war veterans find peace in life back home

War veterans learn about themselves, find measure of peace in New Jersey VA center's vegetable gardens; one vet begins landscaping business as result. Medical center gardens grew out of link to nonprofit Planetree organization; veterans removed lawn to till 20-by-50-foot plots and this summer harvested more than 1,000 pounds of produce, which was given to other patients and also used at house cafe.

By Peter Applebome

The New York TImes 2009-11-29

Diabetes rates likely to double, may exceed all projected Medicare costs

Diabetes cases projected to nearly double in U.S. in next 25 years, nearly tripling care costs; Medicare spending on diabetes expected to jump from $45 billion to $171 billion and could exceed projections for all Medicare costs, study shows. Researchers' estimates based on stable obesity rates. Greatest growth in obesity has been among obese diabetics who are getting heavier, but focusing solely on overall obesity rates minimizes the magnitude of a massive public health problem, says researcher.

By Deborah L. Shelton

Chicago Tribune 2009-11-27

Senator wants BPA ban in food containers for young children

New York senator proposes ban of BPA (bisphenol A) in food packaging for children aged three and younger. Under BPA-Free Kids Act, children's food, beverage containers containing BPA would be considered a banned hazardous substance; bill also would allow for appropriation of $25 million over five years to fund research into effects of BPA exposure on all age groups and pregnant women. And: BPA commonly found in in coatings for inside of cans containing foods, in water bottles, baby bottles and some dental fillings (click 'See also').

By Rory Harrington

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2009-11-18

See also 

Experts rethinking nature of alcohol and addiction

Humans rarely reach point of powerlessness over alcohol, addiction experts say. Many drinkers can evaluate habits and, using knowledge about genetic and behavioral risks of addiction, change them if necessary. Even some people with alcohol-use disorders, they say, can cut back before it disrupts education, ruins careers and damages health. Data suggest there are two forms of alcohol disorders: one in which the need for a drink takes over a person's life, and form in which people drink heavily for a period but then cut down and recover. And: Novelist Mary Karr describes her drinking in 'Lit' (click 'See also').

By Shari Roan

Los Angeles Times 2009-11-16

See also 

Food-borne toxins can cause lifelong ills, researchers say

Food-borne pathogens disproportionately affect youngest of us and have effects beyond painful stomach cramps and bloody diarrhea, researchers say. Campylobacter, e.coli, listeria, salmonella seen most in children under 4; half the reported cases of food-borne illness affect children younger than 15. Lingering effects can include premature death, paralysis, kidney failure, lifetime of seizures or mental disability. To reduce infection: Cook meat thoroughly, clean work surfaces, wash produce, buy only pasteurized milk & juice products, report any food-borne illness to local health department.

By Melissa Healy

Los Angeles Times 2009-11-12

Palm oil group rebuked for failing to include GHG standards in criteria

Palm oil group, at meeting, chooses not to include greenhouse gas emissions standards in criteria for 'sustainable' palm oil, but agrees on emissions from fertilizer use, fuel use, mill wastes, maintenance of water level in plantations on peat. Among 389 members are Unilever, Nestle, Conservation International, WWF. Environmental group publishes list of loopholes in accord; another calls it 'greenwash.' And: Palm oil, used in margarine, shortening, baked goods, candies, is high in saturated fat and promotes heart disease, research shows (click 'See also).

By Pete Browne

The New York Times 2009-11-06

See also 

Beauty foods, poised for growth, subject to truth in ad rules

'Beauty from within' trend in food, drink, with claims of improving skin health has potential for major growth. Claims may resemble those on labels of cosmetics - for example, anti-wrinkle - but regulation falls under Europe's notoriously thorough, data-driven food industry rules that prohibit false advertising. Expert predicts more proven scientific data on product usage in near future, which will improve products' image. And: Food on plate trumps cosmetics for beauty (click 'See also').

By Katie Bird

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2009-11-05

See also 

Pupils' free breakfast choices often sugary processed items

Nutrition experts warn that sugary processed foods Chicago Public Schools provides to children eating free breakfast make them sleepy and relaxed, and because such foods are digested quickly, children feel hungry well before lunchtime, making concentration difficult. Visits to schools show students pairing doughnuts with Frosted Flakes, syrupy French toast and juice. Health advocates say that's what happens when adults allow children as young as 5 to choose between oatmeal or Kellogg's Froot Loops. Chartwells-Thompson, city schools main caterer, defended brand promotion. And: Cut calories, add vegetables to school lunches, panel says (click 'See also')

By Monica Eng

Chicago Tribune 2009-11-05

See also 

Cooking methods can cut disease risk, study shows

Switching cooking methods to poaching, stewing, steaming, plus avoiding pre-packaged and fast foods reduces compounds in body that may increase risk of diabetes, heart disease, study shows. Toxic compounds, ubiquitous and addictive since they add flavor to foods, are produced by heating, pasteurization, drying, smoking, frying or grilling, researcher says.

By Stephen Daniells

nutraingredients.com/Decision News Media 2009-11-04

Junk food, heroin elicit similar addictive behaviors in rat study

Junk food, heroin elicit similar addictive behaviors in rat study

IBC

Diet of Ho Hos, sausage, pound cake, bacon and cheesecake elicits addictive behavior in rats similar to behaviors of rats addicted to heroin, study shows. Pleasure centers in brains of rats addicted to junk food became less responsive as bingeing wore on, so rats ate more and became obese - despite receiving foot shock while eating high-fat foods. When junk food was replaced with nutritious chow ('salad,' says researcher), obese rats refused to eat. And: For 40 of 43 rats, sweetened water wins out over cocaine (click 'See also').

By Laura Sanders

Discovery News/Science News 2009-10-21

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Some diabetics choose diet, exercise over trend of insulin

Some Type 2 diabetics buck trend of lifestyle, medicines, then insulin, and with help of like-minded physicians, choose rigorous diet and exercise. But other physicians say main goal is blood sugar control. All agree that controlled diet, weight loss, exercise beneficial. Weight loss reduces blood sugar, decreases medicine need, brings lower cholesterol, lower blood pressure. And: Gut hormones - incretins - might reboot pancreas for those with the diet-related disease (click 'See also').

By Marni Jameson

Los Angeles Times 2009-10-26

See also 

Leafy greens top risk list for foods overseen by FDA

Ten riskiest foods overseen by FDA, which regulates 80 percent of food supply, are leafy greens, eggs, tuna, oysters, potatoes, cheese, ice cream, tomatoes, sprouts and berries, consumer watchdog study shows (click 'See also' for report). Meats, poultry, some egg products not considered because they're regulated by USDA. Tainted foods contained bacteria, from E.coli O157:H7 in spinach to scombrotoxin in tuna; victims suffered range of illnesses, from mild stomach cramps to death. One in four Americans sickened by foodborne illnesses and 5,000 die each year, says CDC.

By Lyndsey Layton

The Washington Post 2009-10-06

See also 

Burger chain's spoon fragment reaches man's lung

Burger chain's spoon fragment reaches man's lung

WECT/TV

For two years, North Carolina man suffered from coughing, vomiting, pain. Using camera-equipped endoscope, physician saw problem: Fragment of plastic spoon bearing logo of Wendy's Old Fashioned Hamburgers. When his relatives learned the news via telephone, they were eating food from that fast-food chain.

CNN 2009-09-18

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Citing state's obesity bill, mayor wants fee from stores that sell sugary drinks

San Francisco mayor plans bill that would charge fee to retailers that sell sugary beverages. Motivation is UCLA study that links soda, obesity in California. Adults who drink at least one soft drink daily are 27 percent more likely to be obese than those who don't, researchers say, and soda consumption is fueling state's $41 billion annual obesity bill. San Francisco would be first city to levy fee on soda if, as expected, it is approved. And: Tax of penny per ounce on such drinks would raise $14.9 billion in its first year (click 'See also').

By Heather Knight

San Francisco Chronicle 2009-09-18

See also 

Medicaid needs policy guidelines on diet-related disease care

Medicaid should hasten policy rules on obesity-related services for children, and consider need for guidance on similar services for adults, GAO says in report requested by Sen. Max Baucus. Many children, adults in Medicaid program are obese and need preventive services. And: Last year, Medicare spent $7 billion on diet-related disease drugs; obesity-related medical treatments cost $147 billion in 2008 (click 'See also').

American Hospital Association 2009-09-14

See also 

Make obesity prevention national priority, researchers urge

With more than 92 percent of Americans at risk for heart disease, potential exists to reverse ominous trends if obesity prevention becomes national priority and is folded into schools, workplaces, researchers write. Looming problems are blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, all time bombs, since 32 percent of U.S. children are now overweight or obese. Once they reach adulthood, their heart-disease risk could cause national numbers to explode. Authors call for physicians to be reimbursed for prevention measures, including weight-loss plans. And: Real source of obesity epidemic is federal corn subsidies (click 'See also').

By Jeffrey Kluger

Time magazine 2009-09-14

See also 

Groups target faux, real chicken products

Packaging of meat substitute product should declare that some people have serious allergic reactions to main ingredient, a vat-grown, protein-rich fungus, says Connecticut lawsuit, which seeks class-action status. Woman alleges that she ate Quorn's Chik'n Patties on three occasions in 2008 and became 'violently ill' each time. Anti-meat advocacy group plans suit over KFC's grilled chicken, which lab tests show contains PhIP, chemical that it said can increase risk of developing cancer.

By Jerry Hirsch

Los Angeles Times 2009-09-18

Calibrated school lunches undermined by twice-daily junk food buys

Children's ritual visits to corner market - often before and after school - add average of 360 calories (per visit) to their daily total, subverting fine-tuning of school lunches, upping their odds of obesity-related disease. Food Trust, other Philadelphia health groups see opportunity to reduce calories, and chopped fruit salad sales are up, but their 50-cent bottled water languishes. No mystery: Mini-Hugs (colored sugar water) fly off the shelf at 25 cents, which leaves a quarter to buy a cake called Elim's Delight.

By Rick Nichols

The Philadelphia Inquirer 2009-09-17

Opinion: Feds subsidize causes, treatment of diet-related disease

By not addressing food system reform in health care reform, government is putting itself in position of subsidizing both the costs of treating Type 2 diabetes and consumption of high-fructose corn syrup. One of the leading products of American food industry has become patients for American health care industry. When terms like 'pre-existing conditions' vanish, relationship between health insurance industry and food industry will change. When health insurers can no longer evade costs of treating results of American diet, food system reform movement - farm policy, food marketing, school lunches - will gain powerful, wealthy ally.

By Michael Pollan

The New York TImes 2009-09-10

Weed extract shows promise against diet-related disease

Weed extract shows promise against diet-related disease

www.invasive.org/weedus/index.html

States where kudzu is considered invasive.

Kudzu, long used as health food in China, Japan, shows promise in fight against metabolic syndrome. After two months of taking root extract, rats in study had lower cholesterol, blood pressure, blood sugar, and insulin levels than control group. Invasive vine covers 10 million acres in South. And: Study shows kudzu's ability to cut alcohol consumption (click 'See also').

Science Daily 2009-08-27

See also 

Regulators struggle to keep up with supplements industry

Nearly two-thirds of American adults take dietary supplements, mostly multivitamins, calcium, omega-3, says trade group. Supplements aren't regulated as drugs; study showed 9 percent of 300 drug-induced liver injuries potentially were linked to supplements. Senate subcommittee plans hearing on safety. Since last December, FDA has warned about 70-plus weight-loss supplements; agency urges consumer vigilance.

By Anna Wilde Mathews

The Wall Street Journal. (may require subscription) 2009-09-07

Food safety lapses leave families bereft, lawmakers scrambling

Linda Rivera, once teachers' aide and always in motion, now in a mute state; 4-year-old girl partially paralyzed are among 80 people sickened by eating e.coli-tainted raw cookie dough, feds believe. As recalls cause public to lose confidence in food safety, lawmakers scramble; Nestlé resumes supplying chilled dough to supermarkets. And: Cargill slaughterhouse that just recalled 826,000 pounds of beef was slapped with animal handling citations last year after review of processors that supply USDA National School Lunch Program (click 'See also').

By Lyndsey Layton

The Washington Post 2009-09-01

See also 

Cut sugar intake for optimum health, says heart group

Cut sugar intake for optimum health, says heart group

Big Stock Photo

Citing links to diet-related diseases, American Heart Association sets suggested limits on sugar intake for men, women. Soft drinks, ketchup, barbecue sauce, 'reduced' salad dressings, granola bars, flavored popcorn among processed, packaged items packing extra sugar calories. And: Our brains aren't fooled by sugar substitutes, fMRI study shows (click 'See also').

By Sarah Baldauf

U.S. News & World Report 2009-08-24

See also 

Two deaths linked to nanoparticle exposure in factory

Two Chinese women die, 5 others hurt after working after working without proper protection in factory using nanoparticles. Tiny diameter (nanometer is one-billionth of a meter; nanoparticles are between 1-100 nanometers) allows particles to penetrate body's natural barriers, particularly through contact with damaged skin or by inhalation or ingestion. Nanotechnology also used in food packaging, household appliances, cosmetics, sunscreen, clothing. And: Nanotechnology spurs dreams of food scientists (click 'See also').

By Tan Ee Lyn

Reuters; NewsDaily 2009-08-19

See also 

Taking political responsibility for cutting obesity rates

Anyone who smoked in an elementary-school hallway today would be thrown out. But if you served an obesity-inducing, federally financed meal to kindergarten student, you would fit right in. Parents are working longer, and eating takeout; real price of fruits, vegetables has risen 40-plus percent in 30 years; soda prices have fallen 33 percent. Solutions to obesity epidemic involve civic - even political - responsibility. They depend on the kind of collective action that helped cut smoking rates nearly in half.

By David Leonhardt

The New York Times 2009-08-16

Opinion: Obesity epidemic demands prime-time address, slice in subsidies

When a quarter of your population has diabetes or is at risk, that screams for prime-time address. Obama has made no dent in farm subsidies that help agribusiness overproduce worthless calories, help Coke, Pepsi, McDonalds rank among most profitable companies for trash food and drinks. Capitol Hill must cut fat of subsidies, impose taxes on trash food producers, support cities and suburbs in redesigning streets, parks to support people who want to cycle or go out for a run and children who want to play outside.

By Derrick Z. Jackson

The Boston Globe 2009-08-01

Food dye blocks inflammation in injured rats, scientists learn

Food dye blocks inflammation in injured rats, scientists learn

Commonly used blue food dye found to block nerve inflammation, aid recovery from some spinal cord injuries in rat study, researchers learn. FD&C blue dye No. 1, found in Gatorade, Jell-O, M&Ms, and OK'd by FDA in 1928, crosses blood-brain barrier. 'We eat 100 million pounds a year in the U.S., so we already know that there's no toxicity,' says scientist.

By Hadley Leggett

Wired magazine 2009-07-27

Opinion: EPA's endocrine-disruptor testing old, incomplete

EPA's endocrine-disruption tests for assessing pesticide safety use old information. EPA's testing program addresses only segment of organs, tissues, systems, and won't detect chemicals that can alter development, function of pancreas, and its hormone, insulin, which could lead to diabetes, obesity. Nor will it detect chemicals that alter intelligence, behavior. And: Glyphosate, atrazine included in list of pesticides for Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program (click 'See also,' then scroll to page 17583 of Federal Register).

By Theo Colborn

Scientific American; Environmental Health News 2009-04-27

See also 

Diet-related disease drives up health-care costs, study shows

Each obese patient cost health insurers, federal programs $1,429, or 42 percent more than normal-weight patient in 2006, study shows. Obesity-related medical treatments cost $147 billion in 2008, an 87 percent increase in past decade; rates of obesity, a major cause of diabetes, stroke, heart attacks, have more than doubled in last 30 years. Last year, Medicare spent $7 billion on diet-related disease drugs. A person is obese if body mass index is greater than 30 or weighs about 186 pounds for a person who is five feet, six inches tall. And: Calculate your BMI (click 'See also').

By Shannon Pettypiece

Bloomberg 2009-07-27

See also 

Three books offer dark view of obesity epidemic

Three books offer dark view of obesity epidemic

In three books, authors examine possible causes of obesity epidemic. We evolved on the treacherous savannahs but now live in Candyland ('The Evolution of Obesity,' by Michael L. Power and Jay Schulkin); putting on pounds made financial sense because costs of fats, oils and sodas dropped ('The Fattening of America,' by Eric Finkelstein and Laurie Zuckerman); and 'eatertainment' items containing fat, sugar, salt have been reëngineered to 'unlock the code of craveability' and 'cram as much hedonics as you can in one dish' ('The End of Overeating,' David A. Kessler). But problem goes beyond Value Meals, oceans of high-fructose corn syrup. Collecting maximum number of calories with least amount of effort is dream of every creature, even those too primitive to dream.

By Elizabeth Kolbert

The New Yorker 2009-07-20

Real source of obesity epidemic is federal corn subsidies

While one hand of federal government campaigns against obesity epidemic, the other hand subsidizes it by writing farmers a check for every bushel of corn they can grow - undermining public-health goals by loosing tide of cheap calories. Challenge is to rewrite those rules, to develop new set of agricultural policies that don't subsidize overproduction - and overeating. Unless we deal with mountain of cheap grain that makes Happy Meal and Double Stuf Oreo such 'bargains,' calories will keep coming.

By Michael Pollan

The New York Times 2003-10-12

Physicians, others ask Obama for anti-obesity commission

Group of physicians, health organizations, nutrition experts ask Obama to create presidential commission to fight obesity. Commission would stimulate, coordinate agencies involved in food and health policy. Obesity costs $95 billion annually in medical expenditures, half of which are paid through Medicare and Medicaid; obesity rates have increased by 50 percent in 20 years. And: Previous corn-based public health crisis was not obesity but alcoholism, in early 19th century (click 'See also').

Center for Science in the Public Interest 2009-06-24

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'Inert' ingredient in herbicide kills human cells, researchers say

Monsanto's weedkiller Roundup, commonly used on food crops, contains ingredient listed as inert but is potentially toxic, says French research group. The chemical, POEA, helps main ingredient, glyphosate, penetrate cells. In tests, PEOA killed human cells. Monsanto questions methods. Product, derived from animal fat, is allowed in certified organic products. And: EPA decision due in fall on petition of 250-plus environmental, health, labor organizations to change rules for identifying pesticides' inert ingredients (click 'See also').

By Crystal Gammon

Environmental Health News 2009-06-22

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Penny-pinching food choices fuel obesity epidemic

Number of Americans considered obese jumps 1.7 percent - almost 5.5 million people - in last year. Between 2003 and 2006, CDC measured no real growth in American obesity levels. The obese were less likely to have access to food, shelter and health care. Researchers speculate that increased stress of recession, combined with cost of healthy fresh foods (as compared to processed food), to blame.

By Kate Dailey

Newsweek/The Human Condition 2009-06-01

Researchers find vinegar impedes fat buildup

Vinegar could prevent fat buildup, thus weight gain, mouse study shows. Vinegar worked at genetic level, by influencing genes linked to fatty acid oxidation and energy burning proteins, researchers learned. Previous research linked vinegar intake to eating less, reduction in cravings brought on by sugar peaks after meals. And: Adding vinegar to foods could enhance perception of saltiness (click 'See also').

By Stephen Daniells,

nutraingredients.com/ Decision News Media 2009-06-18

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Difficulty of diet changes hinders prevention as reform goal

Despite broad consensus that it's cheaper to keep people healthy than to treat them for disease, rewards often fail to match costs of widespread testing and monitoring people with chronic diseases. Obstacles: Much of money spent on disease prevention goes for healthy people, and taking up regular exercise or eating healthier food is difficult, expert says.

By Janet Adamy

The Wall Street Journal. (may require subscription) 2009-06-12

Review: Serving up a horror film for the dinner table

Review: Serving up a horror film for the dinner table

Food, Inc.

Needy family skips high-priced fruits, vegetables, choosing cheap fast food so dad can afford diabetes medicine.

"Food, Inc.," a mind-boggling, heart-rending, stomach-churning expose on food industry, makes case with methodical, relentless urgency of muckrakers trying to radicalize - or rouse - a dozing populace. And: Film shows we're living in a simulacrum, fed by machines run by larger machines with names like Monsanto, Perdue, Tyson that make everything (click 'See also'). We humans can win, but we should hurry, before Monsanto makes a time machine and sends back a Terminator to get rid of Eric Schlosser, Michael Pollan.

By Amy Biancolli

San Francisco Chronicle 2009-06-12

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Coke, Del Monte, others at pro-BPA strategy session

Pregnant woman ideal spokesperson for counteracting BPA's bad image, industry executives, lobbyists decide at strategy session. Other plans: focus on how ban of BPA, used in food-can linings, baby bottles, would affect poor people who eat canned foods; cast doubt on safety of BPA-free canned goods. In last 20 years, growing number of studies link bisphenol A to cancer, heart disease, diabetes, hyperactivity. And: Industry pooh-poohs baby bottle battle (click 'See also').

By Susanne Rust and Meg Kissinger

Journal Sentinel (Milwaukee, WI) 2009-05-29

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Proposed BPA ban advances in California senate

California Senate OKs proposal that would ban use of bisphenol A in food containers, as well as baby bottles, toddler sippy cups. Independent studies have linked BPA to brain development problems and behavioral troubles in young children, early onset of puberty, several cancers. And: FDA says it will review its earlier OK of BPA in baby bottles, food containers (click 'See also').

By Eric Bailey

Los Angeles Times 2009-06-03

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Opinion: Fighting malnutrition of poverty with fortified foods

Chronic malnutrition in West Africa worsened by high food prices, less money sent home from workers abroad. Lack of micronutrients - iron, zinc, vitamin A, iodine - last year may have caused extra 44 million children permanent impairment. Americans typically get micronutrients from fortified foods; same strategy possible in Africa. And: Adding iodide to salt could increase global IQ 1 billion points (click 'See also').

By Nicholas D. Kristof

The New York Times 2009-05-26

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Food on plate trumps cosmetics for beauty, studies show

Food more vital to beauty than cosmetics, studies show. Tops for skin: green tea, citrus fruits, pomegranate, spinach, collard greens, broccoli, romaine lettuce, egg yolks, wild salmon, walnuts, flax, canola oil, soybeans, sardines. For skin: bell peppers, whole grain cereals, peanut butter, avocado. For hair: spinach, broccoli, Swiss chard, legumes. For general health: canned light tuna, whole wheat pasta, lean beef, shrimp, turkey, brown rice. Save supplements for deficiencies, medical needs, says expert.

By Jodi Mailander Farrell

Mcclatchy-Tribune; Newsday 2009-05-18

EPA to limit power plants' fish-tainting sludge discharge

EPA moves to limit power plants' discharge of selenium-tainted sludge into waterways. Toxin once was spewed into air, but air-pollution controls now capture it as coal ash or sludge. As with mercury, poison builds rapidly in animals' bodies. Birds that eat tainted fish may have deformed beaks, jaws and problems producing viable eggs; humans who eat fish can suffer neurological damage, hair, nail loss. And: Study links deformed fish to selenium-tainted water near mountain-removal coal mining sites (click 'See also').

By Juliet Eilperin

The Washington Post 2009-05-03

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Soot from primitive cooking stoves heating planet

Soot from primitive cooking stoves heating planet

Green Launches

Solar-powered oven called 'Kyoto Box' won its creator, Jon Bøhner, $75,000; a more durable version is in production in Nairobi (click 'See also').

Black carbon - soot from cooking with wood, dung or crop residues and from burning diesel, coal - found to be responsible for 18 percent of global warming. Replacing primitive cooking stoves could be stopgap, could avert worst projected consequences of global warming. Some villagers resist because food tastes different. Bill in Congress would require aid for black carbon reduction projects abroad, including introducing $20 solar-powered cookstoves in 20 million homes. And: $7 solar cooker wins $75,000 prize (click 'See also').

By Elisabeth Rosenthal

The New York Times 2009-04-16

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Guts, tongues map Pacific island migration

Archaeologists map migratory history of Pacific islanders by cross-analyzing spread of a stomach bug and core vocabulary of Pacific-region languages. The study of helicobacter pylori genetics, linguistic developments posits a 5,000-year eastward migration, starting in Taiwan, countering hypotheses of 30,000-year migration of peoples from Central Asia. And: H. pylori infections suppressed by broccoli consumption, study shows (click 'See also').

By Brandon Keim

Wired Science 2009-01-22

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Loss of income, insurance undermine diet-related disease care

As obesity epidemic leads cases of diabetes, loss of income and health insurance pushes diabetics to cut back on health care, risking serious complications and higher emergency or hospital care costs, analysis shows. And: Maryland group targets churches, community groups, doctors' offices for message about prevention through diet, exercise and health screenings (click 'See also').

By Linda A. Johnson

The Associated Press; The Boston Globe 2009-04-13

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Agricultural chemicals exposure linked to Parkinson's disease

People who lived next to fields where fungicide maneb or herbicide paraquat had been sprayed were, on average, about 75 percent more likely to develop Parkinson's, California study shows. And: Maneb often goes on potatoes, tomatoes, lettuce and corn; paraquat is used on corn, soybeans, fruit (click 'See also'). Map of their use mirrors areas of U.S. where people are more likely to die of Parkinson's disease.

Chicago Tribune 2009-04-20

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Hair analysis tells tale of dietary changes - or not

Strand of hair is record of dietary changes over time. In elephant family in Kenya, ratio of isotopes of carbon, other elements in hair indicated whether animals were eating grasses, trees, shrubs and how water supply is changing. And: Hair tests show that many Americans are walking corn chips, says plant biologist (click 'See also').

By Henry Fountain

The New York Times 2009-04-13

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Pesticide makers must test for endocrine disruption, EPA says

EPA will require pesticide manufacturers to test 67 chemicals in products to determine whether they disrupt endocrine system, which regulates growth, metabolism, reproduction. Researchers cite male fish in Potomac River bearing eggs. Tests eventually will encompass all pesticide chemicals. And: Cornfield weedkiller linked to frog deaths (click 'See also').

By Juliet Eilperin

The Washington Post 2009-04-16

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Sweet peak: Energy drink rinse linked to athletic performance

In trial, cyclists pedaled faster after rinsing their mouths with high-carb drinks, but saw no difference with artificially sweetened versions in study. Brain scans showed that glucose, maltodextrin in the mouth triggered pleasure circuits in brain not activated by artificial sweetener. Circuits are thought to reduce athletes' perceptions of how much effort they are expending, allowing them to work harder, longer. And: In rat study, artificial sweeteners result in more sluggish metabolism that stores, rather than burns, incoming excess calories (click 'See also').

By Ian Sample

The Guardian (UK) 2009-04-15

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Nanoparticles could risk water, soil ecosystems, studies show

Nanoparticles in hundreds of consumer products can damage beneficial microbes, which may threaten soil, water, aquatic life, ecosystems, efficiency of sewage treatment, studies show. Microbes remove ammonia from sewage, reduce phosphorus in lakes. And: FDA requires manufacturers to provide tests showing that food goods using nanoparticles aren't harmful, but two unknowns are whether nanoparticles in packaging can leach into edibles and the impact of that consumption on human health (click 'See also').

By Matthew Cimitile and Environmental Health News

Scientific American 2009-03-24

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Reason discovered for feeling your oats till lunch

Oatmeal breakfast works to suppress appetite, maintain feeling of fullness because foods with low glycemic index increase levels of GLP-1 gut hormone production in blood. Findings are step in understanding role of such foods in weight control, balanced diet, say researchers, who plan larger study. Oatmeal sales grew by 81 percent from 2000-'05.

By Lindsey Partos

nutraingredients.com/ Decision News Media 2009-03-24

Global warming dangerous to people, EPA says

Global warming endangers public health, welfare, EPA tells White House Finding was in response to Supreme Court ordering agency to consider whether CO2, other greenhouse gases should be limited under Clean Air Act. EPA had found move would cost utilities, automakers, others billions while benefits to others. And: Companies discover they can lower costs, go green at same time (click 'See also').

By Juliet Eilperin

The Washington Post 2009-03-23

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Teen girls' weakness linked to vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency linked to weakness in teen girls, study says; earlier work showed that up to 70 percent of teen girls may be low on intake. Best food sources include salmon, tuna, mackerel, fish oil (click 'See also') but sunshine is key to metabolizing crucial nutrient. Previous studies show lack linked to diseases later in life - osteoporosis, muscle weakness, cancers, autoimmune diseases, infectious diseases, heart disease.

By Stephen Daniells

NutraIngredients.com, Europe 2009-02-04

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Past lead levels in D.C. tap water may risk children's health

Elevated lead levels in tap water from 2001-2003 could jeopardize health of about 42,000 Washington, D.C. children who then were younger than 2 or in utero, study shows. Parents outraged, Council wants probe to see whether public was misled during water crisis (click 'See also'). Blood lead levels and number of potentially affected children both considerably higher than initially reported by city, federal officials.

By Carol D. Leonnig

The Washington Post 2009-01-27

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Book review: Tending our bodies, wallets and the planet, recipe by recipe

Book review: Tending our bodies, wallets and the planet, recipe by recipe

In practical, revolutionary new book, Mark Bittman offers simple prescription for weight loss, environmentalism and penny-pinching: Eat less meat, less junk food and more plants. Unlike Michael Pollan, he offers can-do recipes. The hitch: So many Americans lack life skill of basic cooking - a repertoire of quick and uncomplicated recipes, understanding of improvisation, the ability to stock a pantry, planning menus to limit food shopping trips.

By Laura Miller

Salon.com 2009-01-05

Spiking blood-sugar levels linked to memory loss

Blood-sugar spikes linked to memory loss, new study shows, but peaks can be moderated by exercise. Researcher calls findings 'compelling,' and sees implications for the elderly, overweight children, and those at risk for Type 2 diabetes and/or heart disease in fast-paced, complex society. And: Spiking, falling blood sugar levels from high-carb diet could be risk factor for central vision loss with aging (click 'See also').

By Roni Caryn Rabin

The New York Times 2008-12-31

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Sushi implicated in actor's excessive fatigue

Sushi implicated in actor's excessive fatigue

TV Guide

Twice-daily diet of sushi, use of herbal remedies blamed for elevated levels of mercury in actor's bloodstream. Jeremy Piven, who was starring in 'Speed the Plow' on Broadway, had complained of excessive fatigue, exhaustion. He later left production. And: Eating six pieces of tuna sushi weekly in New York exceeds EPA's safe levels of consumption (click 'See also').

By Dave Itzkoff

The New York Times 2008-12-18

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Low-glycemic, plant-based diet best for diabetics

Diabetics eating low-glycemic diet - nuts, beans, lentils - have better glycemic control and reduce heart disease risk factors, than those on fiber-rich diet, study shows. Type 2 diabetics have much higher risk of cardiovascular disease. And: Though exercise, weight loss and low-fat, plant-based diet reduce risk of Type 2 diabetes by 58 percent, plan works best when community - parents, grandparents, caregivers - enables and models healthful behavior (click 'See also').

By Shari Roan

Los Angeles Times 2008-12-16

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Girls are better tasters than boys, study shows

Girls are better tasters than boys, study shows

Big Stock Photo

Girls have better sense of taste than boys, but boys are saddled with sweeter tooth, Danish study of 8,900 primary, secondary students polled in science classes shows. Taste recognition increases gradually with age; greatest shift is at 13-14 years when children become markedly more sensitive to sour, less interested in sweet, researchers said.

By Stephen Daniells

nutraingredients.com 2008-12-17

Nanotechnology oversight lacking, says report

As use of nanotechnology grows and researchers plan for use of tiny particles as food additives, in medical treatments and in electronics, report lists serious gaps in federal plan for determining risks and calls for ensuring safety of workers, consumers, environment. And: Studies are lagging behind technology (click 'See also'). One nanometer equals a billionth of a meter.

By Julie Steenhuysen

Reuters 2008-12-10

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Opinion: Tiny changes, big benefits in brainpower

Adding 1 billion points to global IQ is as simple as adding iodine to salt, and Canada leads way with Micronutrient Initiative, which also advocates adding vitamin A, iron, zinc and folic acid to diets. Simple technology improves lives at low cost and in short time, says World Bank.

By Nicholas D. Kristof

The New York Times 2008-12-04

Large study links fish-rich diet to cancer survival

Adding extra fish, omega-3-rich seafood to diet may raise prostate cancer survival by 38 percent; men who ate five servings of fish per week had 48 percent improved survival rate over those who ate one serving a week, study shows. And: Healthy diet should consist of one omega-3 to four omega-6 fatty acids, but American diet contains more than 10 times needed amount of omega-6 oils, mostly from processed foods, cooking oils (click 'See also').

By Stephen Daniells

nutraingredients.com 2008-11-24

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Bacteria in our bodies to blame for obesity, other ills?

New cell biology field probes bacteria inside us, which outnumber our human cells and show regional differences - maybe an Inuit's bacteria help digest Cheerios but an Argentine's wouldn't (click link to listen). Some may cause obesity, and could be changed, but then what? Balance is fragile - certain bacteria linked to stomach ulcers, but kill them with antibiotics, and patients get more asthma, hay fever, allergies, eczema.

By Robert Krulwich

National Public Radio/All Things Considered 2008-11-04

Going with the grains - and Hippocrates

Beyond statins, common sense and two studies indicate that eating whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and nuts cut readings for CRP, which is linked to risk of heart attack, stroke. Needed is total proof that diet- and exercise-reduced CRP levels reduce cardiovascular emergencies. And: Small, consistent increase in dietary fiber helps reduce heart disease risk and controls diabetes, and can make large difference to public health (click See also').

By Stephen Smith

The Boston Globe 2008-11-17

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Lowering stress, heart disease risk with parks, gardens

More neighborhood green space reduces risk of heart disease, greatly narrows health gaps and death rates between rich, poor, UK researchers learn. Governments should promote and invest in green areas, which provide opportunities for stress reduction and physical activity. And: Plunging hands into the dirt therapeutic for gardeners (click 'See also').

By Michael Kahn

Reuters 2008-11-07

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Short-circuiting the obesity-prone gene

Those with malfunctioning food-pleasure gene more likely to overeat, study shows. Health expert says those with weakened 'reward strategy' can circumvent obesity by choosing diet rich in whole grains, legumes, beans, fruits and vegetables coupled with moderate level of exercise.

By Jimmy Downs

Food Consumer 2008-10-18

Three states ask manufacturers to halt BPA use

Connecticut, New Jersey, Delaware ask 11 companies to stop using bisphenol A in making baby bottles, baby-formula containers. FDA has tentatively concluded that chemical is safe, but gives consumers tips on reducing exposure. Animal studies link BPA, also used in food can linings, to reproductive system abnormalities, cancers; experts disagree on whether humans are at risk.

The Associated Press; The Wall Street Journal. 2008-10-14

Overeating triggers diet-related disease pathway in brain

Persistent overeating triggers metabolic response which, once flipped 'on,' can promote overeating, creating vicious cycle, researchers learn in mouse study. Earlier research had shown that eating too much triggered inflammatory responses in muscles, liver, changes that launch development of type 2 diabetes. Now researchers see inflammation may promote obesity as well.

By Amanda Gardner

The Washington Post 2008-10-02

Researcher's study of fruit flies' sense of smell wins genius grant

Harvard neurobiologist who studies sense of smell of fruit flies wins 'genius grant' from MacArthur Foundation. Her award, says Rachel Wilson, underscores the idea that simple, seemingly primitive organisms may yield powerful insight into how things work.

By Carolyn Y. Johnson

The Boston Globe 2008-09-23

Limit can-lining chemical exposure, scientists say

Scientists urge 'aggressive action' to limit human exposure to can-lining chemical after study notes that higher levels of bisphenol A in body correspond with higher rates of heart disease, diabetes and liver abnormalities. Skeptic notes that drinking lots of high-sugar canned drinks raises risk of diet-related disease and exposure to BPA. And: Chemical, also found in hard plastic water and baby bottles, inhibits brain links (click 'See also').

By Sarah Boseley

The Guardian (UK) 2008-09-16

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Prion experts study whether fatal disease of elk, deer can jump to humans

Prion experts study whether fatal disease of elk, deer can jump to humans

CDC

4004 chart shows chronic wasting disease among free-ranging deer and elk by county.

When prions can jump species barriers, a new kind of prion is produced, researchers learn. Prion proteins cause Creutzfeld-Jakob disease and mad cow disease, and have infected 208 people, mostly in UK. Scientists now study whether prion-induced chronic wasting disease (CWD) in elk and deer could jump to humans; disease has long dormant period. And: CDC, in 2004, said risk of CWD to humans was low (click 'See also').

By Amber Dance

Nature News 2008-09-04

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Plastics chemical inhibits brain links

EPA's current 'safe daily limit' for consumption of bisphenol-A (BPA), a leaching chemical used in hard plastic water and baby bottles and food and beverage can linings (click 'See also'), could cause memory/learning impairments and depression, research on primates shows. Scientist says EPA 'may wish to consider' lowering limit.

By Karen N. Peart

Yale University 2008-09-03

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Linking vitamin deficiency to learning problems, Alzheimer's

Linking vitamin deficiency to learning problems, Alzheimer's

Karla Cook/thefoodtimes

Swiss chard is a good source of folate and a very good source of vitamin B6.

Vitamin B deficiencies linked to learning problems, dramatically higher homocysteine levels in mouse study, researchers say. Elevated homocysteine levels in adults raise risk for Alzheimer's disease, stroke and atherosclerosis. And: Vitamin B-rich foods: leafy green vegetables, beans, peas, whole grains, fish, seafood, poultry and meats, eggs and milk, yogurt and cheese (click 'See also').

By Shane Starling

nutraingredients.com 2008-09-04

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The ever-growing links of fiber and health

As understanding of fiber expands, companies develop items to exploit benefits. Researchers now understand that fiber, by way of friendly bacteria called probiotics, provides fuel to the colon, in addition to improving cholesterol, slowing sugars' entrance to bloodstream and speeding transit of food through body. Good sources of fiber: fruits, beans and whole grains.

By Mark Anthony

FoodProcessing.com 2008-08-01

Bad economy means better health, says economist

Bad economy means that as people worry more, they lose weight, drink less, exercise more, smoke less, and drive less, which then makes them feel better and reduces risks of diet-related disease and car crashes, says economist. Physician concurs, citing good health of laborers of decades past who ate rice and beans and couldn't afford cigarettes.

By Susan Brink

Los Angeles Times 2008-08-25

Fruit juices affect medicine effectiveness, study shows

Orange juice, apple juice change absorption rates of several medicines, which means that glass of water is the best chaser, says researcher. For nearly 20 years, physicians have warned against interaction of grapefruit juice and some drugs.

By Kathleen Doheny

HealthDay; The Washington Post 2008-08-19

Cooked food may have facilitated brain development

Easy availability of calories through cooking may have allowed diversion of energy from gut to brain in early humans, nurturing cognitive innovations including abstract thinking, creation of art and invention of tools, study suggests. And: Cooking pot responsible for dramatic change in human brain size, Harvard primatologist believes (click 'See also').

By Robin Nixon

LiveScience 2008-08-11

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Fructose linked to fast fat production in humans

Fat build-up, triglyceride surge greater from fructose consumption than other sugars, small study reports. Researchers also note that fat was created from fructose by liver within four hours of consumption, which means that the next meal's fat is more likely to be stored. Fat synthesis may be revved up in overweight, obese patients.

By Stephen Daniells

nutraingredients.com 2008-07-25

Exploring the 500 genes behind taste, smell

Smell, taste experts gather to share latest research, insights to these intimately connected senses that are perceived so differently among individuals. One new tool: the olfactometer. It dispenses puffs of scented air, then judges ability to name a smell; to distinguish one odor from a slightly different one; and to find the threshold of scent detection. And: Asthma drug restores sense of smell for some (click 'See also').

By Sabin Russell

San Francisco Chronicle 2008-07-25

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'Funding effect' shapes questions asked in studies

Controversy over risks of BPA, a leaching chemical in some food containers, shows divergence in results of industry- and government-sponsored research because funding sources shape questions asked, data gathered and definitions used. De-linking sponsorship and research is crucial to credibility.

By David Michaels

The Washington Post 2008-07-15

Linking produce availability to hypertension risk

Better access to healthful foods, walkable streets and recreational areas and sense of community reduces residents' risk of high blood pressure, study shows. Links diminished when researchers factored in the 2,612 participants' race and ethnicity.

Reuters 2008-07-15

Preventing premature death with good diet

UK plans healthful food promotion after report links poor diet with premature death of 70,000 people each year. Program, which will urge fruit and vegetable consumption and reduced intake of saturated fat, sugar and salt, will begin in hospitals and prisons, then radiate outward. For report, click 'See also.'

By Andrew Sparrow

The Guardian (UK) 2008-07-07

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Caffeine aids workout recovery, study shows

After workout, drink caffeine and eat carbs to restore muscles and to gain advantage for next contest, study suggests. Subjects who consumed caffeinated drink had higher levels of blood glucose, insulin and signalling proteins (which transport muscle-powering glucose) than those who drank carb-only beverage.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation News 2008-07-02

Watermelon benefits, beyond deliciousness

Citrulline in watermelon and its rind relaxes blood vessels and could benefit heart, circulatory and immune systems, researcher reports. Eating the fruit also could help with angina, high blood pressure. But the trick is eating enough: six cups. Also: Watermelon could aid in diabetes treatment (click 'See also').

By Betsy Blaney

The Associated Press; Austin American-Statesman 2008-07-02

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Study links prenatal diet to child's longterm health

Junk food diet during pregnancy and breastfeeding increases child's risk of diet-related disease, study on rats indicates. Offspring had raised levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose and insulin, plus harbinger of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. And: In 1986, Barker hypothesis linked adult heart disease to prenatal and early postnatal nutrition (click 'See also').

By Sarah Boseley

The Guardian (UK) 2008-07-01

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Diet-related aids for diabetics

Most important predictor of a heart attack or death for diabetics is a severe hypoglycemic event (blackout or consciousness change) in the previous three months, preliminary analysis of new study finds. Biggest help: lowering cholesterol levels, controlling high blood pressure.

By Thomas H. Maugh II

Los Angeles Times 2008-06-09

Workout recovery plan begins with protein, carbohydrates

Best post-workout recovery begins with protein-carbohydrate snack, researcher learns by comparing study of cyclists with those of diabetics. Eating snack within 30 to 45 minutes of strenuous activity prompts muscles to store even more fuel (glucose, which is stored as glycogen) for next workout, and protein helps repair and strengthen muscles.

By Gretchen Reynolds

The New York Times 2008-06-01

Breastfeeding bonus

In study of 14,000 children in Belarus, researchers see higher intelligence in those who were breastfed, but they're unsure whether the credit goes to the milk, the bond, or a combination of both.

BBC News 2008-05-06

Waist away

Belly fat is potent predictor of dementia associated with Alzheimer's, researchers learn, but skeptics say the two might have same cause. Fat around organs is most harmful, because it oozes noxious chemicals, stoking inflammation and constricting blood vessels, but it's also easiest to lose through diet and exercise.

By Rob Stein

The Washington Post 2008-03-27

Call for food safety

Group calls for ban on nanoparticles used in food and food-related products - from beer to baby drinks - until government testing is conducted. Then, those products containing tiny particles should be labeled. FDA requires industry to provide tests that show food goods aren't harmful, but there are few published studies on health impact of nanoparticles, which can easily penetrate organs and cells.

By David Biello

Scientific American 2008-03-13

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Supplemental calm?

After promising pilot study shows better health and a decrease in violent behavior in inmates given vitamin and mineral supplements, Oxford University expands research. 'We are not saying nutrition is the only influence on behavior but we seem to have seriously underestimated its importance,' says scientist, who adds that decreased violence would have enormous economic benefit.

By Jeremy Laurance

The Independent (UK) 2008-01-29

No substitutes

Eating artificially sweetened foods results in a more sluggish metabolism that stores, rather than burns, incoming excess calories, continuation of Purdue University study shows. Research suggests that artificial sweeteners somehow disrupt the body's ability to regulate incoming calories and could foil weight-loss efforts.

By Alice Park

Time magazine 2008-02-08

Manipulated hunger

Clever food marketing plus our natural tendency to overeat are underlying causes of the obesity epidemic, according to recent studies. This "environmental theory of obesity" reduces blame on individuals, who may have less power than previously believed to resist a glossy photo of glazed doughnuts.

By Shari Roan

Los Angeles Times 2008-01-14

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Eating plants

Compounds in red wine, fruits and vegetables can reduce effects of fat-laden foods in bloodstream, researchers learn in small study. Foods high in polyphenol include artichokes, parsley, Brussels sprouts, strawberries, lychees, and grapes, but apples are a good source as well.

Science Daily 2008-01-02

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Matter of focus

To balance chronic stress, which makes us crave fatty, sugary foods and is linked to obesity, diabetes, heart disease and other disorders, experts recommend that we focus on a few good thoughts; unplug, if only for a few minutes a day; and have dinner with the family.

By Erin Allday

San Francisco Chronicle 2007-12-10

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Adapting to change

Infectious diseases and new foods accelerated pace of human evolution once agrarian lifestyle became commonplace, study shows. Illnesses could sweep through large groups, the members of which lived close together for long periods, and when mutation showed nutritional benefit (better health after drinking yak milk, for example), those offspring had advantage.

By Karen Kaplan

Los Angeles Times 2007-12-10

Super food

Super food

Cranberries, likely in the smallest bowl on the Thanksgiving table, are nutritional superheroes, high in compounds thought to reduce risk of chronic disease, slow the spread of cancer, increase effectiveness of chemotherapy, fight stomach bugs and tooth decay and reduce damage from strokes. Native Americans were using them when the Pilgrims arrived.

By Lee Dye

ABC News 2007-11-21

Second serving?

Turkey, or at least its tryptophan, could increase trust and cooperation, study shows. Using game theory to study role of serotonin and its precursor, tryptophan, in social interactions, researchers gave volunteers a tryptophan-depleting drink, then had them play Prisoner's Dilemma, a game that rewards cooperation. They did worse. More turkey, anyone?

By Emily Singer

Technology Review 2007-11-21

Sweet need

In a study that demonstrates the addictive potential of sweets and might help explain the obesity epidemic, researchers learn that for 40 of 43 rats, sweetened water wins out over cocaine, and even a majority of drug-addicted rodents pick sweets over drug.

By Denise Gellene

Los Angeles Times 2007-11-09

Dole blow

In first case of foreign farmworkers winning in a U.S. court against Dole and Dow over pesticide, jury says that, beyond $3.2 million already awarded, Dole is liable for punitive damages. The six men say that Dow's DBCP, used 30 years ago on Nicaraguan banana plantation and now banned in U.S., made them sterile; thousands more suing as well.

By John Spano

Los Angeles Times 2007-11-08

Five tastes

For Aristotle and Plato, life, or at least the palate, was sweet, sour, salty and bitter. Years later, Auguste Escoffier invented veal stock while Kikunae Ikeda analyzed seaweed broth - and both found umami, the ultimately yummy flavor found in meat, in aged Parmesan, in soy sauce and in a sun-ripened tomato.

By Robert Krulwich

National Public Radio 2007-11-05

Review: Knowing, nosing

In "Scent of Desire," author's clunky prose detracts, but she does explain that though senses of smell and taste forever are entwined, it's really the nose, with its 20 million olfactory receptors, that starts the whole experience. Without a sniff, there would be no "Remembrance of Things Past."

By Bunny Crumpacker

Washington Post 2007-10-28

Home fires:

It's the cooking pot that encouraged monogamy and led to smaller jaws, bigger brains, smaller guts, shorter arms, and longer legs, says a Harvard primatologist who believes that fire was used for heating food as long as two million years ago.

By William J. Cromie

Harvard University Gazette 2002-06-13